The following Current Affairs details should study clearly because this details are frequently asking for Kerala Public Service Examination-Both offline and online PSC Examinations of Kerala Public Service Commissions
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 was awarded jointly to Japanese Isamu Akasaki, HiroshiAmano and Shuji Nakamura “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014 was awarded jointly to Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”.
American-British scientist John OKeefe and husband-and-wife team May-Britt andEdvard Moser have won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 for discovering an inner GPS in the brain.
Children’s rights activisits Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India are the 2014 winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2014 is awarded to the French writer Patrick Modiano for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation.
French economist Jean Tirole has won the 2014 Nobel Prize for economics for his work on how to “tame” the big businesses that dominate public monopolies like railways, highways and telecommunications.
Miss World 2013
63rd edition of the Miss World pageant, was held at Bali, Indonesia
Winner: Megan Young of the Philippines
This is the first time the Philippines won the title of Miss World since its creation in 1951
India’s representative: Navneet Kaur
1951 held at Sweden Winner: Kicki Hakansson
1966 India Reita Faria
1994 India Aishwarya Ra
1997 India Diana Hayden
1999 India Yukta Mookhey
2000 India Priyanka Chopra
Miss Universe 2013
62nd Miss Universe pageant held at the Crocus City Hall in Krasnogorsk, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Winner: Gabriela Isler of Venezuela
India’s representative: Manasi Moghe
1952 held at Finland Winner: Armi Kuusela
1994 India(New delhi) Sushmita Sen
2000 India(Bangalore) Lara Dutta
51th edition of Femina Miss World India 2014: Koyal Rana (Jaipur)
2013: Navneet Kaur Dhillon (Punjab)
The following brief explanations about executive and judiciary is frequently appearing for Kerala Public Service Examinations.And also given the description about national anthem ,national flag and national calendar
The Prime Minister is the Head of the Government and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers who forms the Cabinet Ministry.
The Indian Legislature comprises of the Lokh sabha (House of the People)and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States)forming both the house of the Parliament.Parliament as whole comprised the president ,Lokh Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system,followed by other High Courts and subordinate Courts.
The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes which represents the chakra.Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Saranath Lion Capital of Asoka.The design of the National flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947.The Indian national flag was designed in 1916 by Pingali Venkayya from Machilipatnam.
The state emblem is an adaptation from the Saranath Lion Capital of Asoka.In the original,there are four lions,standing back to back,mounted on an abacus with a Frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant,a galloping horse,a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.It was carved out of a single block of polished sandstone.The Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law(Dharma Chakra).
The Government of India adopted the state emblem on 26 January 1950.Only three lions are visible ,the fourth being hidden from view in the adopted emblem.The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left.Outlines of other wheels can be seen on extreme right and left.The bell shaped lotus has been omitted.Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upanishad,meaning Truth Alone Triumphs,are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.
The song Jana-Gana-Mana,composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore,was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds.
National Anthem was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress.The complete song consists of five stanza.
The song Vande Mataram composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterji has been adopted as the national song of India.It has been adopted as the national song of India.It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National congress.We adopted the first stanza only.
The national calendar based on the Saka Era,with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for official purposes.
Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.
Kerala Public Service Commission Examinations Asking Details-Carefully study those who are preparing offline and online Kerala Public Service Examinations
Exploring the beauty of wildlife sanctuaries in India has its own appeal. Whether the beasts or other beings of the jungles, watching them at their natural habitats has always been a delightful as well as speculating experience.
Wildlife sanctuaries in India have been extremely successful in conserving the wildlife of India. They are the ideal place to witness the imposing beauty of the forests and their endless range of wildlife.
Here is a list of top 10 wildlife sanctuaries in India:
1. Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
Among all the national parks in India, the Corbett National Park is the oldest and one of the best among the top 10 national parks in India. It was established in 1936 to protect the imposing Bengal Tigers. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan range of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is one of the hot spots of the wildlife lovers.
This park has been named after the popular wildlife story writer Jim Corbett. Beauty and wilderness of this park attracts enthusiasts from various parts of the globe. This wildlife tourist destination of India has also been featured in many wildlife documentaries in order to raise the awareness towards the mighty and stunning Bengal Tigers.
Kaziranga National Park is the only natural habitat of the endangered One-Horned Rhinos in India as well as in the world. Located in the Golaghat district of Assam,Kaziranga National Park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries to explore the wildlife of Northeast India. It is also a highly visited park among the top 10 national parks in India
2. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
This park also boasts of its number of tigers and other wildlife species. Due to the noteworthy number of tigers, Kaziranga National Park has been declared as Tiger Reserve Forest in 2006. Other wildlife consists Elephants, Wild Buffaloes and Swamp Deer. The park also witnesses a large number of migratory birds during the winters
3. Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
The Bandipur National Park is the most popular among all the national parks in South India. It is a natural home to Elephants and several other endangered species. Lush forest of the Deccan Plateau and the Western Ghats makes this park one of the beautiful parks in India. The park is located 80 km away from Mysore and almost 215 km away from Bangalore.
4.Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
The Bandhavgarh National Park is another enticing name in the list of national parks of India. Located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, it is one of the largest national parks of Madhya Pradesh. Declared as a national park in 1968, this park has a noteworthy number of Tigers in India.
This park also has a significant number of Leopards and Deer. Among all the attractions of Bandhavgarh National Park, White Tigers are the most spectacular.
5.Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Image Source:Meghdut Gorai Flickr
Kanha National Parkis another sought after destination in the list of national parks of Madhya Pradesh. Established in the year 1955, this park has gained a lot of attention due to its efforts in saving the rare and almost extinct species of the Swamp Deer, also known as Barasingha. It is also one of the well-maintained parks in Asia.
The other feature of the Kanha National Park is its sunset point called Bamni Dadar. Almost the entire park can be seen from this point. It offers the most eye-catching views of the animals in their natural habitat.
6.Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary, Gujarat
The Gir National Park and the Sasan Gir Sanctuary of Gujarat are the only wildlife sanctuaries in India that have Asiatic Lions. October-June is the ideal time to visit the place and watch these majestic beasts strolling in their territories.
The park was established on 18th September 1965 and it is one of the largest and elegantly preserved areas for the Asiatic Lions. Rivers and streams flowing through this national park remain occupied by the dwellers of the park.
7.Keoladeo Ghana National Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of the man-made wetlands in India that has been declared as a National Park. It was formerly called as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
This park hosts a large number of avifauna during the summers and is considered as one of the best national parks to observe exotic migratory birds and other birds of India. Located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, this park serves as a primary centre for ornithologists and other zoological studies.
8.Periyar National Park, Kerala
The Periyar National Park, Kerala is the only national park in South India as well as in India that has an artificial lake flowing through the forests. Located on the evergreen hills of the Western Ghats, this wildlife sanctuary is also one of the Tiger Reserve Forests in India.
While boating in the Periyar Lake, visitors can behold the mighty beasts of this park, quenching their thirsts on the lakesides. Elephants, Deer, Nilgiri Tahrs and Langurs are the other attractions of this park.
[Explore wilderness of Kerala]
9. Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh
hile visiting the Pench National Park in Madhaya Pradesh, the childhood fantasy of most of the visitors will turns into reality. Rudyard Kiplings The Jungle Book is based on the natural surroundings of this national park; this park is also known as Mowgli Land.
While Tigers are the most dominant species of this park, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Barking Deer are some of the other attractions. With more than 170 species of birds, this park has also become one of the best places for birdwatchers.
10. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
The Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan, is one of the royal national parks in India. It is ranked as one of the top 10 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
The majestic Tigers are the pride of this national park.Surrounded by the Banas and Chambal River, this park serves as an ideal habitat for the predators and other animals of this park. Leopard, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Sambar and Hyena are some of the major animals found in this park. Tiger Safaris are immensely popular among the visitors of Ranthambore National Park.
[Book NowRanthambore Tiger Adventure]
Here are other 10 wildlife sanctuaries and national parks which are as important as above top 10:
1. Manas National Park, Assam
Considered as one of the youngest names in the list of National Parks in India, the Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam has a large number of rare and endangered species. Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hod are some of the most endangered species of this park.
[Check out 5 Best things to do in Assam]
This park boasts of its 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds and a substantial number of reptiles and amphibians. Asian Elephant, Indian Rhinoceros, Water Buffaloes, Leopard and Assamese Macaques are the other dwellers of this park. It is also one of the popular destinations for river rafting.
2. Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
Nagarhole National Park is located in Mysore district of Karnataka and is a popular destination for Tiger spotting. It is also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park. With quite a large number of Tigers, this park also has a significant number of Indian Bison, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Elephant.
Forests of this park are extremely rich with several species of high commercial valued trees. Teak, Sandalwood and Silver Oak are the major trees found in this park. Along with the endangered Mugger Crocodile, this park also has more than 250 species of birds, 96 species of Dung Beetles and 60 species of Ants.
[Have a riveting time in these places around Bangalore]
3. Sunderbans National Park
Sunderbans National Park is one of the largest and oldest in India. Located in the deltaic region of India, this park also shares its boundaries with Bangladesh. Covered with mangrove forests, Sundarbans is the original abode of the stunning Royal Bengal Tigers.
It has the highest number of Bengal Tigers than any other parks in the world. Salt-Water Crocodile can also be found in this park. Sundarbans is extremely rich in avifauna, aqua fauna and reptiles. Some of the other endangered species in this park are Gangetic Dolphin, River Terrapin, Hawks Bill Turtle and Mangrove Horseshoe Crab.
4. Sariska National Park, Rajasthan
Sariska National Park is located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. Though it was declared as a Wildlife Reserve in 1955, due to the large number of Tigers within this park, it was later declared as one of the Tiger Reserve Forests in 1978.
Sariska National Park was the first national park in the world, which was successfully adapted by the majestic Royal Bengal Tigers as their natural habitat. Leopard, Jungle Cat, Stripped Hyena and Golden Jackal are also found in this national park.
5.Dudhwa National Park,Uttar Pradesh
The Dudhwa National Park, a part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, is situated in Uttar Pradesh. History of this park lies back into 1958, when it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary for Swamp Deer. Later, in 1978, it was declared as a Tiger Reserve due to its large number of tigers.
Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Panna National Park is one of the best maintained National Parks of India. Declared as a Tiger Reserve Forest of India in 1994, this park suffered a heavy downfall in the number of Tigers due to poaching.
Among other animals found in this park, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar and Sloth Bear are found abundantly in this park. Bar-headed Goose and King Vultures are the most commonly found birds among the 200 species of its avifauna.
7. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, a Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra is the oldest and the largest National Park in Maharashtra. Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Stripped Hyena and Jungle Cats are some of the commonly found carnivores of this park. Sloth Bears, Gaur, Nilgai and Spotted Deer are the herbivores.
Forests of this park always bear the green colour due to the geographical topography of the parks location. Axle-wood, a fire-resistant species of trees can be commonly found in this park. Among the other species, Black Plum, Arjun and Palas are dominant.
8. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
Image Source:Dhruvaraj S Flickr
After the Periyar National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala. This sanctuary is located on the Western Ghats and shares its border with Tamil Nadu on the Annamalai Hills. Among the 34 species of mammals found in this sanctuary, Panthers, Spotted Deer, Indian Elephant, Tiger and Nilgiri Tahr are the most spectacular.
[Wanna know about other wildlife destinations in Kerala]
Image Source:Kerala Tourism Flickr
It is also the dwelling of Mugger Crocodiles and more than 240 species of exotic birds. The presence of Thoovanam Waterfalls within the forests has made this sanctuary, one of the popular trekking and camping destinations in Kerala.
[Check outChinnar Overnight camping tour]
9. The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
The Great Himalayan National Park lies among the lush coniferous forests of and the snow-capped mountain peaks Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the high altitude national parks in India. While the location of this park is itself a stunning feature, the emerald meadows in some portions of the park makes it one of the stunning parks in India.
[Check out The Great Himalayan National Park Expedition]
Snow Leopard, Himalayan Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Musk Deer and Himalayan Thar are the commonly found animals in this park. It also houses 181 species of birds, and many more species of reptiles, annelids, amphibians and insects.
10.Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
Image Source:Ruben Swieringa Flickr
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Karnataka. Located on the banks of the Kali River, it is one of the highly visited wildlife sanctuaries in India. Black Panther, Flying Squirrel, Tiger, Elephant and Leopard can be easily spotted in this sanctuary.
Image Source: Vishal R Flickr
Among the wide range of amphibians, Crocodiles are the major attraction of this sanctuary. It is also an ideal place for river rafting, trekking, Bird watching, Tiger and Crocodile spotting.
[Book NowDandeli Adventure tour]
Note: We have included National Parks in this list since there is a fine difference between a wildlife sanctuary and a national park.
Carnatic music ,derived in South India is one of the oldest and complicated music system of the world.It is deeply based on the Ragas(melodic scales)and Talas(rhythmic cycles).There are seven rhythmic cycles and 72 Melakartha Ragas in Carnatic music.The basic feature of Carnatic music is its devotional element.
Purandara Dasa is regarded as the father of Carnatic music
The Triumvirate of Carnatic Music
The saint the musician,great composer and devotee of Lord Sree Ram.Tyagaraja was born in Tiruvarur in Tanjavur districts of Tamilnadu in 1767.
Syama Sastri,the famous composer was born in Tiruvarur,where saint Tyagaraja also hails from.He introduced Swarajathis to the Carnatic music systems.
Muthuswami Dikshitar was also born in Tiruvarur(1767-1835).Most of his compositions numbering to 500 are in Sanskrit.
Swati Tirunal Rama Varma (1813-1847) the King of Travancore was a patron of music and a musician himself.He promoted both the streams of Carnatic and Hindustani classical music.He composed more than 500 compositions in Malayalam.
The North Indian Classical music has its roots in Samaveda.It was influenced by Persian music during the period of Delhi Sulthanate.Amir Khusrau (13 century AD)the courtier of Allauddin Khilji is called as the father of modern Hindustani music.