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Indian Constitution :Facts to Remember

It should be studied and understood clearing before writing any Kerala Public Service Examinations

For the philosophy underlying Indian Constitution we must look back to the historic Objectives Resolution of Nehru adopted unanimously by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd January 1947.

The Indian Independence Act ,1947

The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 on July 18,1947.The act provided that from 15th August 1947 ,in place of India as defined in the Government of India Act 1935,there would be set up two independent Dominions known as India and Pakistan and the Constituent Assembly of each was to have unlimited powers to frame and adopt any constitution and to repeal any Act of the British Parliament including the Indian Independence Act.

The Constituent Assembly of India

Members of Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected Legislative assemblies of the Provinces.A total of 292 seats were allotted to the British Indian Provinces and 93 seats ,in addition were set apart for the Indian States representatives in the assembly.Thus the total membership of the Constituent assembly was 385 and it was this body that was entrusted with the task of framing the new constitution for India.Rajendra Prasad was its President and another important member was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.The Drafting committee was chaired by Dr.B.R.Ambedkar and he was ably assisted by stalwarts like Alladi Krishnaswami Aiyar,N.Gopalaswamy Ayyengar,K.M.Munshi and T.T.Krishnamachari,among others.

The constituent Assembly held its first meeting on 9th December 1946 and took two years,eleven months and seventeen days to finalise the Constitution.The Assembly met on 14th November 1949 for the third reading and finished it on 26th November 1949 on which date it received the assent of the President.The final form of the Constitution had 395 articles and 8 schedules .The Constitution was formally inaugurated on 26th January 1950 which was the twentieth anniversary of the day on which the Indian National Congress adopted the Resolution on Purna Swaraj(Complete Independence)

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Kerala Public Service Examination Details on the preamble of the Constitutions

Lot of questions are asking from the preamble sections for Kerala Public Service Examinations.Study them clearly those are preparing for PSC Examinations

  • The Preamble or the preface gives in a nutshell the aim and purpose of the constitution of India. It also embodies the ideals and aspiration.
  • The preamble is considered to be the key to open the edifice of the constitution.
  • Almost all the constitutions of the world have a preamble.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru is the architect of preamble.
  • It was adopted by the constituent assembly on January 22nd 1947.
  • The preamble serves three purposes- It indicates the source from which the constitution derives its authority. States the objects that the constitution seeks to establish and promote and the date of adoption.
  • The importance of the utility of the preamble has been pointed out in several decisions of the Supreme Court.
  • In the Kesvanada Bharathi case 1973 the Supreme Court held that preamble is the part of the constitution.
  • Justice Madhokar said in Sajjan singh Vs Rajasthan state case that the preamble is the sum and substance of the constitution.
  • In the Golknath Vs Punjab state case, Justice Hidaytullah remarked that the preamble is the synopsis of those principle on which the government has to work upon
  • As originally enacted the preamble described the state as a “sovereign democratic republic”. In 1976 the Forty-second Amendment changed this to read “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic”
  • K M Munshi termed it as the political Horoscope.
  • Earnest Barker called it the Key to the constitution
  • Thakurdas Bhargava called it as the soul of constitution.
  • The preamble is a part of the constitution statute but it is not a part of the constitution. It is its identity card said by N. A Palkhivala.
  • The term socialistic pattern of society was adopted as a goal of the Indian state by the congress in 1955 in Avadi session.
  • These are the opening words of the preamble to the Indian Constitution
  • WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens

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Kerala Public Service Examinations-Constitutional Questions

The questions appearing from the part constitution plays an important role in determining the rank in Kerala Public Service Examinations.That is lot of questions are asking from this parts for PSC Examinations

  • Constituent assembly was formed according to the proposals of the cabinet mission.
  • The ideal of a constituent assembly was propounded by M.N.Roy.
  • Election was held in November 1946 to form a constituent assembly when there were 389 members.
  • Of these, 296 were to be from British India and 93 from the princely Indian states.
  • The recognized constituent assembly had 299 members
  • The first stiting of the constituent assembly was held on 09 December 1946 with its president Dr.Sachchinananda sinha. Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent president after two days.
  • The process of making the constitution began on 13 December 1946 with the introduction of an objective proposal by Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • B.N Rao was appointed the constitutional advisor of the assembly.
  • On 3 June 1947, the Mountbatten Plan was announced which made it clear that India was to be partitioned.
  • On 29th August 1947, it set up the drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr. B.R Ambedkar.
  • The draft of the constitution was conferred to the assembly on 8 February 1948.
  • The constituent assembly next met in November 1948 and the whole work was over 17 October 1949.
  • The constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949.
  • The constituent assembly turned in to interim parliament on 26 January 1950 with appointment of Dr.Rajendraprasad of the union.
  • It took 2 years, 11months and 18 days to finish whole work.
  • There were 395 articles and 8 schedules in the constitution when it was finally passed.
  • The constitution of India is the largest written constitution.
Committee under the constituent Assembly
Committee on the rule of procedure . Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Steering Committee . Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Finance and Staff Committee . Anugrah Narayan Sinha
Credential Committee . Alladi krishnaswamy Iyer
House Committee . B. Pattabhi sitaramyya
Order of Business committee . K M Munshi
Adhoc Committee on Nation flag . Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Committee on the function of the constituent Assembly . G. V Mavalankar
State Committee . Jawarharlal Nehru
Advisory Committee on fundamental rights, minoritys tribal and excluded areas . Vallabhai Patel
Minorities subcommittee . H C Mookherjee
Fundamental Rights sub Committee . J B kripalani
Union power Committee . Jawaharlal Nehru
Union constitution Committee . Jawaharlal Nehru
Drafting Committee . B R Ambedkar
North east frontier tribal areas and Assam. Excluded and partially excluded areas sub committee . Gopinath Bardoloi
Excluded and partially excluded area (other than those in Assam) sub Committee . A.V Thakkar

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Constitutional Questions regarding Speaker and UPSC

Constitutional Questions are inevitable part of any examinations of PSC.It is little difficult to understand but if once you understand it never easily forget.Actually constitutional questions play important role in rank making in PSC Examinations.So carefully understand the following questions and study clearly

 

  1. Lok Sabha Secretariat comes under the supervision of –
    Ans:Speaker
  2. Joint session of Parliament is presided over by the–
    Ans: Speaker of Lokh Saba
  3. Who has the power to adjourn the House or suspends its meeting if there is no quorum–
    Ans: Speaker
  4. If any member of the house resigns his office should give resignation letter to–
    Ans: Speaker
  5. Who has the power to use casting vote–
    Ans: Speaker
  6. The concept of Speaker is adopted from–
    Ans:The constitution of Britain
  7. If House is dissolved ,the office of the speaker will continue in office till–
    Ans:A new speaker is elected when the new house mets
  8. The speaker should give his resignation letter to–
    Ans: Deputy Speaker
  9. The speaker can be removed through–Ans:A resolution passed by a majority of all the then members of the House
  10. The first speaker of Lok Sabha–Ans:G.V.Mavlankar
  11. The present speaker of Lok Sabha–Ans:Sumitra Mahajan
  12. Name the person who is elected as the President of India after being the Lok Sabha Speaker–Ans:Neelam sanjeeva Reddy
  13. While the office of Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is absent from the sitting of House ,who discharged the duty of Speaker–Ans:Deputy Speaker
  14. Whenever Deputy Speaker is in doubt ,he refer the matter to–
    Ans:The ruling of the Speaker
  15. Who discharges various administrative and executive functions on behalf of Speaker–
    Ans:Secretary General of lok Sabha
  16. Who is the Custodian and guardian of the Rights and Privileges of the members–
    Ans: Speaker
  17. Who has the power to advise the Union Govt:in legal matters as well as to perform the duties of legal character–
    Ans:Attorney General of India
  18. Attorney general of India is appointed by–
    Ans:The President
  19. Public Service Commission in India as it was first called was established in–
    Ans:1926
  20. Who was the first Chairman of Public Service Commission in India–
    Ans:Sir Ross Barker
  21. Public Service Commission in India came to be known as Federal Public Service Commission after the–Ans:Govt of India Act of 1935
  22. Union Public Service Commission was set up under the article–
    Ans:Article 315
  23. A member of UPSC holds office for a periods of–
    Ans:6 years or till the age of 65
  24. The chairman of UPSC shall be —-for reappointment–
    Ans:In eligible for re appointment
  25. A member of UPSC can be removed from office only by an–
    Ans:order of the Parliament
  26. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India established by the constitution under chapter–
    Ans:Chapter V
  27. The CAG report is taken into consideration by–
    Ans:Public Account Committee
  28. Who is the Head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department–
    Ans:CAG
  29. Who is the 11th CAG of India–
    Ans:Vinod Rai
  30. The CAG of India is appointed by–
    Ans:The President
  31. Article 148 provides–
    Ans:An Independent office of CAG
  32. Who was the first CAG of India–
    Ans:V Narahari Rao
  33. Which former CAG of India acted as the Governor of Kerala–
    Ans:T N Chathurvedi

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Constitutional Questions(Loksabha,Rajyasabha)

The following questions should have a dominant role in all PSC Examinations,ie an  integral part of any question paper.Without considering the following questions nobody can prepare a question paper.Nowadays constitutional questions have predominant place in all examinations conducted by PSC.Study clearly the below questions

  1. Who has empower to extend the life of Loksabha for one year at the time of National Emergency-Ans:President
  2. Lok Sabha shall meet at least—-a year- Ans:Twice
  3. Duration between two session of Lok Sabha in a year-Ans:6 months
  4. The minimum age for contesting in Lok Sabha elections-Ans:25 yrs
  5. A candidate for election to Lok Sabha may contest from-Ans:Any state in India
  6. First Lok Sabha is constituted in-Ans:17th April 1952
  7. When was the first general election of Lok Sabha held-Ans:13th May 1952
  8. Golden jubilee of first session of Lok Sabha was celebrated on -Ans: 13th May 1952
  9. How many Lok Sabha members are elected from Kerala-Ans:20
  10. Money bills are introduced in-Ans:Lok Sabha
  11. Which house is known as ‘House of Elders’-Ans:Rajya Sabha
  12. The maximum membership of Rajya Sabha is limited to-Ans:250
  13. Rajya Sabha is a-Ans:Permanent body
  14. Members of Rajya Sabha are elected for a term of-Ans:6 yrs
  15. The Command in chief armed forces-Ans:The President
  16. President has the power to nominate 12 members to Rajya Sabha ,representing the fields of -Ans:Having special knowledge or practical experience in literature,Science,Arts,and Social Service
  17. Name the cricketer who has been nominated to Rajya Sabha recently-Ans:Sachin Tenulkar
  18. The number of representative from Nagaland-Ans:1
  19. How many members are elected to Rajya Sabha from Keralam-Ans:09
  20. Who is the present vice-chairman of Rajya Sabha-Ans:Prof:P.J.Kurien

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Constitutional Questions(Directive Principles Of State Policy-DPSP)

The following question are based on the topics Directive Principles.Certain questions are constantly appearing for any PSC Examinations from this parts.So you should study thoroughly this sections to get good mark fo exams.Without leaving a single questions study the following questions.

  1. The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy is taken from-Ans:Ireland
  2. DPSP are contained in which part of Indian constitution-Ans:Part 4
  3. Who described Directive Principles as the ‘Novel features of the Indian Constitution’- Ans:Ambedkar
  4. Directive Principles are contained in Article from -Ans: 36-51
  5. The directive Principles are aims to establish- Ans:a welfare state
  6. Gandhian Principles are included in- Ans:Directive Principles
  7. Which is known as the ‘instrument of instructions’- Ans:Directive Principles of State Policy
  8. Name the Article that deals with the idea of free legal Aid Ans:Article 39A
  9. Organization of village Panchayath is mentioned in – Ans:Article-40
  10. Which Article of Indian Constitution contains uniform civil code- Ans:Article-44(Directive Principles of State Policy
  11. Name the state which adopted Uniform Civil Code In India-Ans:Goa
  12. Promotion of International Peace and Security is entitled in- Ans:Article-51
  13. Directive Principles seeks to establish -Ans:Social and Economic Democracy
  14. Fundamental Rights are justiceable while Directive Principles are -Ans:Non justiceable
  15. Who described Directive Principles are as ‘Manifesto of aims and aspirations’-Ans:K.C.Wheare
  16. Who opined that Directive Principles are ‘Moral percepts for the authorities of the State and that they have an educative value-Ans:B.N.Rau
  17. House of people in India is commonly known as-Ans:Lok Sabha
  18. Which amendment raised the strength of Lok Sabha to 545-Ans:31st
  19. The election of Lok Sabha is conducted on the basis of- Ans:Universal Adult Franchise Article 326
  20. Duration of Lok Sabha is-Ans:5 yrs

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Constitutional Questions(Election Commission of India)

The following 20 valuable questions are based on Election Commission of india.It includes the most probable questions appearing for any PSC Examinations.Clearly study the following points,make sure your success in any PSC Examinations

  1. The election commission of India is an independent Constitutional authority created under Article-Ans:324
  2. The election commission of India was set upon-Ans:25th January 1950
  3. The first chief election commission of India was appointed on          Ans:21st March 1950
  4. The first chief election commission of India-Ans:Sukumar sen
  5. Election commission continued to function as a single member body upto-Ans:30th September 1993
  6. Which are the four pillars of Indian constitution-Ans:Election Commission,Supreme Court,CAGand Public Service Commission
  7. Nirvachan Sadan is associated to-Ans:Election Commission
  8. Election Commission are appointed for a period ofAns: 6 yrs/65 ages
  9. The secretariat of Election Commission is situated at-Ans:New Delhi
  10. In India recognition of political parties and allotment symbols are made by-Ans:Election Commission
  11. In India recognition of political parties and allotment symbols are made by-Ans:Election Commission
  12. Who appointed V.M.Tarkunde to consider electoral reforms-Ans:Jaya Prakash Narayan in 1974
  13. Which Govt: appointed the Committeee on Electoral reforms under the Chairmaship of Dinesh Goswami-Ans:V P Singh Govt:
  14. By which amendment was the voting age was lowered from 21 to 18 yrs-Ans:61st
  15. Lowering of voting age came in to force on-Ans:28th March 1989
  16. In which year electronic voting machine used for the first time through out the country- Ans:2004 General Election
  17. Prohibition of sale of liquor in the polling area starts from-Ans:48 hourbefore election
  18. By election to any House of Parliament or any state Legislative Assembly will held withinAns:-6 months
  19. Which committee is known as J P Committee on electoral reforms-Ans:Tarkunde Committee
  20. Who opined that, ‘’ Caste,Criminality and Corruption ‘are prevailed in Indian Electoral System-Ans:T.N.Seshan

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Constitutional Questions

Constitutional Questions plays an important role in determining the rank of any PSC examinations.So each question should study very seriously,ie.each will determine your rank in PSC examinations.In some PSC examinations about 15 to 20 % questions will be from this part.It is easy if we approach them interestingly .So with great seriousness , study each of the 20 valuable expected PSC questions in constitutional parts.

  1. India’s experiment with Democratic Decentralisation started in –Ans:Nagur Rajasthan
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru inaugurated Panchayath Raj System in Rajasthan on-Ans:02nd October 1959
  3. Which article states that State shall take necessary steps to Organise Village Panchayath-Ans:Article 40
  4. Which committee recommended the introduction of Panchayath Raj System-Ans:Balwanth Rai Mehta Committee
  5. Which govt:appointed Asok Mehta to study decentralization-Ans:Janatha Govt:1977
  6. The most momentous recommendation Asok Mehta Committee-Ans:Implementation of two tier system
  7. Which part ,Article 243 deals with institution of Panchayath Raj-Ans:Part 9
  8. The 74th Amendments resulted the inclusion of-Ans: 12th Schedule
  9. Father of Local self Government in India-Ans:Lord Rippon
  10. Who was the Prime minister when 74th Amendment Bill introduced-Ans:V.P.Singh
  11. Who was the Prime minister when 73rd and 74th  Amendment Bill implemented- Ans:P.V.Nara Sinha Rao
  12. Committee on administrative Arramgement for Poverty Alleviation programme was headed by-Ans:GVK Rao
  13. Committee on revitalization of Panchayathi Raj Institution for Democracy and Development was headed by-Ans:L.M.Singhvi
  14. 11th schedule is associated to-Ans:Powers of Panchayath,29 items
  15. How many powers of Muncipalities are mentioned in 12th schedule-Ans:18 items
  16. Kerala Panchayath Raj act came in to force on-Ans:March 1994
  17. Which committee was appointed to make recommendation on local self government in Kerala-Ans:Sen Committee
  18. Name the authority entrusted to train Members of Local self Institutions-Ans:KILA
  19. Where is KILA is situated-Ans:Mulakunathkavu,Thrissur
  20. 86th amendment resulted in the inclusion of-Ans:Article 21A

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Latest Kerala  PSC related 60 Constitutional Questions and Answers.

Try to study 60 Questions expected for PSC

  1. Which commission recommended Lokpal and Lokayukta for redress of People’s
  2. Grievances-Administrative Reforms commission headed by Morarji Desai
  3. In which year the Central Govt:introduced the first Lokpal Bill and Lokayukta-1968
  4. Which was the first State to present a bill on the establishment of Lokayukta in 1970-Orissa
  5. Which was the first that established Lokayukta-Maharashtra
  6. Institution of Lokayukta was established in Kerala in the year-1998
  7. Jan Lokpal is associated with-Anna Hazare
  8. The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory body established in-12th October 1993
  9. Which is the Principal Law officer of the state-Advocate General
  10. The Planning Commission of India is the result of-Resolution of Central Govt:
  11. Yojana Bhavan in New Delhi is associated to- Planning Commission
  12. The Planning Commission is constituted in -15th March 1950
  13. Who is the chairmaqn of planning commission –Prime Minister
  14. First chairman of Planning Commission- Jawaharlal Nehru
  15. The first and only Women Chairman of Planning Commission- Indira Gandhi
  16. The deputy Chairman of Planning Commission enjoys the status of- Cabinet Minister
  17. The Planning Commission works under the over all guidance of –
    Answer: National Develepoment Council
  18. Father of Planning in India- M. Vishweshraya
  19. Who performed the role of Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission ,Chairman of finance Commission- Gulsarilal Nanda
  20. Which article provides for the establishment of Finance Commission- Article 280
  21. Members of finance commission is appointed by -President
  22. Who is the chairman of 13th Finance Commission – Vijay Kelker
  23. First chairman of finance commission- K.C.Niyogi
  24. Which is the main agency for preventing corruption in the central Govt – Central vigilance Commission
  25. The central vigilance commission is established through – Executive Resoluion 1964
  26. The establishment of Central vigilance commission was recommended by – Santhanam Committee
  27. In which year did Parliament enacted a law conferring statutory status to the Central Vigilance Commissioner – 2003
  28. Duration of central Vigilance Commission members- 4 years or they attain the age of 65 years whichever is earlier
  29. NHRC in India is the result of – Protection of Human Rights Act 1993
  30. Who are the members of National Human Rights Commission in addition to the chairman and four members – Chairperson,s of the National Commission of minorities,National Commission of SC’s,STs and National Commission for women
  31. Which organization is responsible to the Legislation regarding Right to information act-Mazdoor Kissan Shakthi Sangathan
  32. Leader of Mazdoor Kissan Shakti Sangathan-Arun Roy
  33. The right to information act was Passed by the Parliament on-15th June 2005
  34. The right to information act came into force on-12th October 2005
  35. Name the state which is excluded from Right to information-Jammu&Kashmir
  36. Who is the present Chief Information Officer-Sathyanand Misra
  37. Who can seek information under Right to Information act ,2005-Individual Citizen
  38. The maximum time with in which the information through RTI to be provided with-Within 30 days
  39. The maximum time with in which the information through RTI to be provided with(in matters of life and death)-within 48 hours
  40. Which article in Indian Constitution prohibits child labour-article 24
  41. Child labour Prohibition and Abolition act was passed in-1986
  42. National Commission for Protection of Child Right began its operation in-March 2007
  43. Who is the First Chairman of National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights-Prof Shanta Sinha
  44. Right of Children to free and compulsory education of Right to Education Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on-4th August 2009
  45. Right to Education Act came into force on-1st April 2010
  46. Right to Education Act require all private schools to reserve how many percentage of seats to children belonging to poor families-25%
  47. Right to Education Act came into force with an exception of the State of-Jammu&Kashmir
  48. Education is mentioned in-Concurrent list
  49. In which year was Right to Education extended to the Classes of 10th Standard-2011
  50. Who is responsible to the Right to Education Act-National Advisory Council
  51. Which government programme aims at universalisaton of elementary education-Sarva Shisksha Abhiyan
  52. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was pronounced by-A B Vajpeye
  53. National Commission for women is a-Statutory body
  54. National Commission for women is established in-1992
  55. National commission for backward classes was created on the basis of-Mandal Commission Report
  56. The National Commission for religious and Linguistic Minorities has started from-21st March 2005
  57. Which Commission examines request for inclusion of any class of citizens as a backward class in the central list of backward classes-National Commission for Backward Classes
  58. In which year was National Rural Health Mission launched-2005
  59. National Policy on education was conceived during the period of-Rajiv Gandhi
  60. Which State tops in Child Rights-Kerala

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Constitutional Questions(3)

  • Federal court of India was set up under –The act of 1935
  • The idea of Independence of judiciary is taken from-USA
  • Which part of the Indian constitution deals with Union Judiciary-Part 5
  • Article 124 to 147 of the constitution deals-    Union Judiciary
  • Who has the power to interpret the constitution of India-The supreme court
  • Which court act as a ‘court of record’-The supreme court under article 129
  • Which is the final court of Appeai in India-The Supreme Court
  • The Supreme court came into being on-28th January 1950
  • The chief justice of India India is appointed by-The President
  • The idea of judicial review is borrowed from-USA
  • The inauguration of Supreme Court in India took place in-Chamber of Princes in Parliament
  • The judicial review in India is based on –Procedure established by law
  • Supreme court judges retires at the age of 65 yrs
  • Which is the newly launched Scheme to train young advocates practicing in Magistrate and Munsif-Rajiv Gandhi Adhivakta Prashikshnan Yojana
  • Abbreviation of NALSA-National Legal Service Authority
  • A type of writ seeking judicial review ie.an order by a higher court directing a lower court-Certiorari
  • Name the Indian state which passed the Lokayuktha Bill in 2011-Bihar
  • The main bench of Green Tribunal is set up at-Bhopal
  • In which year the Parliament passed the Supreme Court under article the protector of Fundamental Rights-1956
  • Who appoints the Chief Justice of India-The President
  • Who is the 37th the Chief Justice of India-K.G.Balakrishnan
  • Article 214 to 231 deals with-High courts
  • Which is the oldest High Courts in India-Kolkata High Courts
  • Kolkata High Courts was established on 2nd July 1862
  • Which High Courts celebrated its 150th anniversary in August 2012-Madras High Courts
  • Temporary courts which holds proceedings for a few selected months in year is called-Circuit courts
  • In India who has the power to issue writs-Supreme Court(Article 32)High Court(Article 226)
  • Which court aims at promoting conciliation in and securing speedy settlement of disputes relating to marriage and family affairs-The family courts
  • Which is known as People’s Court-Lok Adalat
  • Name the court established by the Govt:to settle dispute through conciliation compromise- Lok Adalat
  • The first Lok Adalat was held in-Chennai,1986
  • What is the main condition of Lok Adalat-Both the parties in dispute ready to agree settlement
  • The first law commission was set up in 1955
  • Chairman of 18th Law Commission-P.V.Reddy
  • Which article of the constitution provide free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society-Article 39A
  • Lok Adalat is very effective in settlement of-Money claims