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Hi friends,

Here I am sharing you with 50 valuable questions and answers for Kerala PSC examinations.

After each questions answer key is also given.

That is much helpful those who are preparing for PSC Examinations.

I have listed this below 50 questions and Answers for you.

Suitable PSC Questions to be included in PSC Rank List

Hallo! The More you study this the more you have the chance to include in the list.This can be treated as mock test for all who are seeking Govt:through PSC Examinations.

The following categories are included in this list.

  • General Knowledge Questions
  • Current affairs
  • Science
  • History

50 Questions Prepared in accordance with latest trends in PSC Examinations

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  1. Which is known as the red river in India?
    A. Yamuna
    B. Brahmaputra
    C. Ganga
    D. KrishnaAnswer. Brahmaputra
  2. Third Panipat war was between –
    A. Hemu&Akbar
    B. Nadirshas&Mughals
    C. Humayun&Shersha
    D. Ahamadsha Abdali&Marathers&Answer. Ahamadsha Abdali&Marathers
  3. Name of Parliament in Japan-
    A. Nesset
    B. Diat
    C. Senet
    D. Syndicate

    Answer. Diat

  4. Two important freedom-fighters died in 1948 who are they —-
    A. Gandhi&Patel
    B. Jinna&Patel
    C. Gandhi&Jinna
    D. Tagore&Jinna

    Answer. Gandhi&Jinna

  5. ‘Who controls the Union Public Service Commission-
    A. President
    B. Vice President
    C. Prime Minister
    D. Chief Justice

    Answer. President

  6. White Revolution relates to-
    A. Egg Production
    B. Fish Production
    C. Food Production
    D. Milk Production

    Answer. Milk Production

  7. In which year first independent war occurred –
    A. 1757
    B. 1857
    C. 1867
    D. 1767

    Answer. 1857

  8. In which state silk is produced most in India-
    A. Karnataka
    B. Keralam
    C. Assam
    D. Tamil Nadu

    Answer. Karnataka
  9. Who got Nobel Prize on economics in 1998
    A. Amartya Sen
    B. Waltor Kohen
    C. John Hue
    D. Jose saramago

    Answer. Amartya Sen

  10. Which Scientist firstly used the term ‘Gene’-
    A. Johanson
    B. Lamark
    C. Khorana
    D. Mendel

    Answer. Johanson

  11. The acid generated in intestine-
    A. HNO3

    Answer. HCl

  12. How many bones can be seen in the human beings-
    A. 216
    B. 601
    C. 206
    D. 616

    Answer. 206

  13. In which year LIC nationalized in India-
    A. 1949
    B. 1956
    C. 1969
    D. 1980

    Answer. 1956

  14. Raghuveer Choudhary,who got Jnanpeet in 2015 belongs to which state-
    A. MahaRashtra
    B. Gujarath
    C. Andhra Pradesh
    D. West Bengal

    Answer. Gujarath

  15. Which is known as ‘Oil of Vitriole’-
    A. Sodium Chloride
    B. Nitric Acid
    C. Salphuirc Acid
    D. Hydrochloric Acid

    Answer. Salphuirc Acid

  16. Bakranangal was constructed across which river –
    A. Satlej
    B. Bageerathi
    C. Narmada
    D. Mahanadi

    Answer. Satlej

  17. International soil year-
    A. 2012
    B. 2013
    C. 2014
    D. 2015

    Answer. 2015

  18. Escape velocity of Earth-
    A. 2.37 m/s
    B. 11.2KM/S
    C. 11.2m/s
    D. 7.5m/s

    Answer. 11.2km/s

  19. The principle behind Atom Bomb’-
    A. Nuclear Fusion
    B. Nuclear Fission
    C. Magnetic Reaction
    D. None of this

    Answer. Nuclear Fission

  20. The Acid present Apple-
    A. Ctric Acid
    B. Phytic Acid
    C. Malic Acid
    D. Tartaric Acid

    Answer. Malic Acid
  21. The level of glucose in human blood-
    A. 80-120 mg//100ml
    B. 70-110 mg//100ml
    C. 60-100 mg//100ml
    D. 100-150 mg//100ml

    Answer. 70-110 mg//100ml

  22. World Diabettic Day-
    A. Nov:14
    B. Nov:24
    C. Nov:28
    D. Aug:3

    Answer. Nov:14

  23. The unit measuring mercury-
    A. Kg.
    B. Gram
    C. Gallon
    D. Flask

    Answer. Flask

  24. Which metals ore is Monocyte-
    A. Titanium
    B. Thorium
    C. Radium
    D. Uranium

    Answer. Thorium

  25. Name the process for the preparation of H2SO4-
    A. Contact Process
    B. Ostwald Process
    C. Dumas
    D. Decons

    Answer. Contact Process

  26. The elements used for the Vulcanization-
    A. Sulphur
    B. Zinc
    C. Carbon
    D. Nitrogen

    Answer. Sulphur

  27. The metals having highest resistance-
    A. Silver
    B. Tungsten
    C. Platinum
    D. Rhodium

    Answer. Tungsten

  28. The date at which President signed the food safety bill
    A. 2013 sept:12
    B. 2013 sept:2
    C. 2014 jan:1
    D. 2013 dec:31

    Answer. 2013 sept:12

  29. The limit of lowest frequency of audible sound of human beings-
    A. 20 Hz
    B. 200 Hz
    C. 20000 Hz
    D. 30 Hz

    Answer. 20 Hz

  30. Name the Scientist formulated the wave theory
    A. Max Plank
    B. Einstein
    C. Christian Hygens
    D. Newton

    Answer. Christian Hygens

  31. The existence of hearing in the ear human beings-
    A. 0.5 Second
    B. 0.2 Second
    C. 0.3 Second
    D. 0.1 Second

    Answer. 0.1 Second

  32. The speed of sound in Aluminium-
    A. 6420
    B. 5941
    C. 1482
    D. 1522

    Answer. 6420

  33. The plant hormone helpful for the ripening of fruits-
    A. Ethilene
    B. Cytokynene
    C. Auxene
    D. Giberllinei

    Answer. Ethilene

  34. Whose autobiography is ‘A Passion for Dance’-
    A. Mrilani Sarabhai
    B. Rukmini Arundele
    C. Yamini Krishana Murthy
    D. Mallika Sarabhai

    Answer. Yamini Krishana Murthy

  35. Who is the architecture of Gramin Bank-
    A. Amathya Sen
    B. Muhammed Yunus
    C. Nom Chosky
    D. Robert Owen

    Answer. Muhammed Yunus

  36. The date of reaching of Chandrayan in the Moon’s orbit
    A. 2008 Oct:22
    B. 2009 Aug:29
    C. 2008 Nov:14
    D. 2008 Nov:8

    Answer. 2008 Nov:8

  37. No.of Districts in Telungana-
    A. 21
    B. 31
    C. 15
    D. 20

    Answer. 31

  38. Who got Vayalar Award in 2016-
    A. U.K Kumaran
    B. Leelawathi
    C. Bala Chandarn Chullikad
    D. Meera

    Answer. U.K Kumaran

  39. Nobel Prize in literature in 2016-
    A. Bob Deel
    B. Bengt Ostram
    C. Oliver Hart
    D. Amarthya Sen

    Answer. Bob Deel

  40. The childhood days name of famous social reformer Vagbadanandan-
    A. Kunjan Pillai
    B. Kunjikannan
    C. Subbharayan
    D. Karat Govindamenon

    Answer. Kunjikannan

  41. Who is having the power to order writs,protectors of fundamental rights-
    A. Central Cabinet
    B. Indian Parliament
    C. President
    D. Supreme Court&High Court

    Answer. Supreme Court&High Court

  42. The river which divide North India and South India
    A. Mahanadi
    B. Godavari
    C. Narmada
    D. Kaveri

    Answer. Narmada

  43. Who got Gandhi peace award in 2014-
    A. ISRO
    B. NSS
    C. Red Cross
    D. Asia Watch

    Answer. ISRO

  44. Who was president of Congress at the time of spli tin Congress at Surat-
    A. Rash Bihari Ghosh
    B. Aravinda Ghosh
    C. A C Majundar
    D. Bala Gangadharan

    Answer. Rash Bihari Ghosh

  45. ‘Chipko movement’ is connected with-
    A. Project Tiger
    B. Plant Breeding
    C. Plant/Forest conservation
    D. Conservation of Natural resources

    Answer. Plant/Forest conservation

  46. World Environment day is celebrated on-
    A. 5th June
    B. 28th February
    C. 7th August
    D. 10th April

    Answer. 5th June

  47. Pollutant released by jet planes is –
    A. CO
    B. NH3
    C. CO2
    D. CFCs

    Answer. CFCs

  48. Pollution of SO2 destroys-
    A. Lichen
    B. Fungi
    C. Algae
    D. Fishes

    Answer. Lichen

  49. Cadmium poisoning is responsible for-
    A. Minamata disease
    B. Itai-Itai disease
    C. Blue Baby Syndrome
    D. None of this

    Answer. Itai-Itai disease

  50. Noise pollution is measured in –
    A. Hertz
    B. Fathoms
    C. Nano Metres
    D. Decibels

    Answer. Decibels

Questions for making the Success Place –PSC Kerala Thulasi

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References: Kerala PSC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala public Service Commission

PSC notification 2016 Examinations Appearing Questions

Here I am sharing with you some critical questions and its answers .Importance is that it has a major role in the notified examination conducted by PSC in 2016.Wheneve you go through this questions,study details of options too.

The following questions includes below given topics

1)Current Affairs

2) General Science


4)History related Questions

5)Economics related Questions

6)Miscellaneous Questions

50 All round Connected Details including PSC Questions

Hallo! Dear just a glance at the following questions.Beneficial that in the nearest future of you.Something bring you colourful to you.Colouring in the sense your place PSC Rank list.


50 Career Smartening PSC Questions and answers


Wonder!How its so?Listen your smartness in the view of PSC Questions oriented manner.Lies the answer there.Listen the all the PSC notifications appearing in your one time registration profile.Apply it in time.And also study the shocking questions also in time……


  1. Which disease was declared as an international public health emergency by WHO
    A.Yellow Fever
    B.Arab  Fever
    C.Zika Virus
    D.Swine Flu
    Ans: Zika Virus
  2. Which countries Parliament is the first to run completely on solar power
    Ans: Pakistan
  3. Which year was observed as the International Year of Pulses’
    Ans: 2016
  4. Which High Court is celebrating its 150th foundation year in 2016
    Ans: Allahabad
  5. The Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission shall be
    A.The Chief Justice of India
    B.Rtd.Chief Justice of India
    C.Chief Justice of High court of India
    D.Rtd.Chief Justice of High Court
    Ans: Rtd.Chief Justice of India
  6. Which is the first state to make gender education compulsory at the graduate level
    Ans: Telangana
  7. Which is India’s first zero landless district of India
    Ans: Kannur
  8. ‘Operation Valsaya’launched by the State Governments aims
    B.Mentally retarded
    C.Missing Children
    Ans: Missing Children
  9. Which is the first Grama Panchayat in the state to declare a Water Policy

Ans: Perumanna

10)  Which is the world’s first dengue vaccine

Ans: Dengvaxia

11)  The revolt 1721 at which place is the first attempt against foreign domination from the South India
Ans: Attingal

12) Who among the following was not the member of the Cabinet Mission
A.Clement Atlee
B.Lord Alexander
C.Stafford Cripps
D.Pethwick Lawrence
Ans: Clement Atlee

13) The Eighth Schedule of the Constitution deals with

A.Official Language
B.Anti defection
C. Panchayath Raj
D. Nagarpalika
Ans: Official Language

14) Detergents are sodium or potassium salts of

A.Adipic Acid
B.Carboxilic Acid
C.Sulphonic Acid
D.Hydroflouric Acid
Ans: Sulphonic Acid

15) The author of’Man the Maker of his own Destiny is’

B.Raja Ram Mohan Roy
D.Vallabhai Patel
Ans: Vivekananda

16) Which disease is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin D

Ans: Rickets

17)Kyoto Protocol deals with

A.Endangered Species
B.Green House Gas Reduction
C.Ban on Nuclear Test
D.New plant Varieties
Ans: Green House Gas Reduction

18) The Green Belt Movement,the campaign for the protection of environments was founded by

A.Graca Machelle
B.Ellen John Sirleaf
C.Wangari Mathai
D.Winnie Mandela
Ans: Wangari Mathai

19) Which country is the first to bring a parliamentary legislation on climate change

Ans: Canada

20) The Jatakas contain 500 stories connected with the previous births of :

C.Adi Sankara
Ans: Buddha

21) Right to Information Act became effective in India on

A.15th June 2000
B.15th June 2001
C.15th June 2003
D.15th June 2005
Ans: 15th June 2005

22) The substance most commonly used as a foos preservative is

A.Sodium Citrate
B.Benzoic Acid
C.Tartaric Acid
D.Calcium Carbide
Ans: Benzoic Acid

23) Pneumonia affects

Ans: Lungs

24) Most of the light rays inside a tube light is in the form of

A.Visible light
B.Infra red
C. Ultra Violet
D. Bright Light
Ans Ultra Violet

25) The decimal system of currency was introduced in India in the year

Ans: 1957

26) Which of the following is a renewable source of energy

A.Sun light
Ans: Sun light

27) Which one of the following Fundamental Rights is known as ‘Heart and Soul of the Constitution

A.Right to Religion
B.Right to Equality
C.Right to constitutional Remedies
D.Right to Freedom
Ans: Right to constitutional Remedies

28) Panchayath Day is observed on

B.April 24
C.March 19
D.May 10
Ans: April 24

*29) Who is the Chancellor of the State Universities

A.Chief Minister
C.Education Minister
Ans: Governor

30) Which of the following crops help in nitrogen fixation

Ans: Beans

31) Which dance form is known as ‘Poetry in motion’

A.Bharata Natyam
Ans: Bharata Natyam

32) Which body has the power to grant State party status to a political party

A.State Legislature
B.Election Commission
C.Rajya Sabha
D.Public Accout Committee
Ans: Election Commission

33)Which force is responsible for the protection of Indo-Nepalese border

A.Border SecurityForce
B.Sasastra Seema Bal
C.Assam Rifles
D.Special Frontier Force
Ans: Sasastra Seema Bal

34) Which is the exclusive Tribal Panchayat of Kerala

Ans: Idamalakkudi

35) C Sankaran Nair was elected as Congress President in

Ans: 1897

36)Srisailam Dam is built across the river

Ans: Krishna

37)National Handloom Day is observed on

A.December 7
B.January 18
C.September 18
D.August 7
Ans: August 7

38) Which belt of the Himalayas are famous for the doon valleys

D.Great Himalayas
Ans: Shivalik

39) Madhav Gadgil Committee is associated with the conservation of

A.Sea Turtle
B.Endemic Plants
C.Evergreen Forests
D.Western Ghats
Ans: Western Ghats

40)Who was the author of ‘Jathibharatam’

A.Pandit Karuppan
B.T K Madhavan
C.K Ayyappan
Ans: K Ayyappan

41) Who has the right to suspend the fundamental rights of citizen

A.Supreme Court
B.Lok Sabha
D.Central Cabinet
Ans: President

42)Who was known as ‘the Vivekananda of Kerala’

A.Agamananda Swami
D.Subhananda Gurudev
Ans: Agamananda Swami

43) Which organization is known as the ‘Angelic arm of UN’

A.UN Women
D.Security Council

44) Who is the author books’The light of Asia’

A.Edwin Arnold
B.EM Foster
C.Dominique Lapier
D.William Johns
Ans: Edwin Arnold

45) Who said that ‘the proper study of mankind is man’

B.Aldous Huxely
C.Immanuel Kant
D.Alexander Pope
Ans: Alexander Pope

46) In diesel engines,ignition takes place by

B.Electrical spark
Ans: Compression

47) Alcohol contains

B. Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen
C. Carbon,Hydrogen,Amonia
D. Hydrogen,Oxygen,Nitrogen
Ans: Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxygen

48) How many banks were nationalized in 1980

Ans: 6

49) Which river forms the Palaruvi falls

C.Vamanapuram puzha
Ans: Kalladayar

50) Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Project Plant is situated at

A .Nallalam
Ans: Kayamkulam



Specially made datas for PSC notified Examinations

Remind this questions the famous poem ‘Road Not Taken’ by Robert Frost. As so this questions are less appeared in usual books but appeared in PSC Examinations .Hope you are understanding its importance of questions

References:Kerala        PSC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala public Service Commission



The following psc Questions and answers contains the below given topics

1)Current Affairs





6)Reformation in Keralam


50 Valuable Questions and Answers asking from PSC Kerala Thulasi

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Pin pointed questions appearing for online-applied PSC Examinations

Here I am giving some typical questions seen in the online test in the PSC notifications.As far as online applicant, special concentration given to this sort of questions where  the vacancies filled after online test.Those who are preparing LDC Examination it is very helpful.


Questions and answers any PSC Examinations inviting application from PSC Kerala Thulasi


Hallo! Dears. ,studying of following given questions sometimes may change your fate,no doubt.It is intellectually oriented questions in tune with the various frequently asked psc notification.Studying it proves your sincerity towards your own life.So dear,don’t waste your time, such a way you make your own life not much brighter.So brighter your life Decide and proceed,,,,, to study the following questions.Rare collection from the psc question bank.


  1. The main income of state government
    Corporate Tax
    B.Customs Tax
    C.Sale Tax
    D.Income Tax
    Ans: Sale tax
  2. The Green Revolution started in which plan of India
    2nd Five Year Plan
    B.3rd Five Year Plan
    C.4th Five Year Plan
    D.5th Five Year Plan
    Ans: 3rd Five Year plan
  3. Which King is behind the ‘Hathi Kumbha Shasanam’
    Khara Velan
    B.Shatha Karni 1
    C.Mihira Bhojan
    D.None of this
    Ans: Khara Velan
  4. Who wrote the novel ‘Saraswathi Vijayam’in the pretexts of 19th centuries Social rites and observances
    Potheri Madhavan
    B.Attur Krishna Pisharady
    C.K.P.Narayana Pisharady
    D.Potheri Kunjambu
    Ans: Potheri Kunjambu
  5. The small islands situated in between Kumarakam and Thannermukkam bund
    D.Vypene Islands
    Ans: Pathiramanal
  6. In which place in Kerala implemented the Rice and Fish project
    C.Neenda kara
    Ans: Kuttanad
  7. In which Indian states the ‘Chunnambu Rock Caves’seen
    C.tamil Nadu
    Ans: Jammu-Kashmir
  8. The alphabets used more before the coming of Malayalam Language
    Ans: Vattezhuth
  9. Whose pen-name Mullanezhi

A.Neela Kandan Namboothiri
B.Subramanyan Namboothiri
C.Achuthan Namboothiri
D.Narayanan Namboothiri
Ans: Neela Kandan Namboothiri

10)  Who combiled the Malayalam Dictionary ‘Shabda Tharavaly’

A.Sree Kandeshwaram Padmanabha Pillai
B.C.Madavan Pillai
C.Vadakkum Koor Raja Raja Varma
D.S.Gupthan Nair
Ans: Sree Kandeshwaram Padmanabha Pillai

11)  The Emperor of India when English East India Company formed
Ans: Akbar

12) Who published ‘Samvad Kaumudi’ the first  journal in Indian Language
A.Gopala Krishna Gokhale
B.Raja Ram Mohan Roy
C.Raveendra Nath Tagore
Ans: Raja Ram Mohan Roy

13) Who brought under control the Pazhashi Mutiny

A.Thomas Harve Babar
B.Jonathan Dungen
C. Arthur Wellesly
D. General Diar
Ans: Thomas Harve Babar

14) The interpretation given to ‘Bagavath Geetha’by Gandhiji

A.Sathyana Prayoha
B.Anasakthi Yoham
C.Sanmarga Jeevitham
D.Ente Jeevithamanu Ente Sandesham
Ans: Anasakthi Yoham

15) Whose work is ‘1857-The Great Rebellion’

A.Asok Metha
B.Nana Sahib
C.V D Savarkar
D.Thanthio Topi
Ans: Asok Metha

16) The first princely states captured by Britishers by Doctrine of Lapses

Ans: Sathara

17)Name the agitation conducted by Thiruvithankur State Congress from 1938 to 1947

A.Poorna Bharana Pankalitha Bharanam
B.Utharavada Bharana Prakshobam
C.Poura Samatwa Vatha Prakshobam
Ans: Utharavada Bharana Prakshobam

18) Which Kingdom ruled in ancient India Kanjipuram as its capital

Ans: Pallavans

19) In which place the first sea food park inKerala started

Ans: Alapuzha

20) The Syrian Christian leader related to Tharissapally Pattayam :

A.Coln Mecalay
B.Coln Manro
D.Mar Sapir Eso
Ans: Mar Sapir Eso

21) The biggest children’s park situated in Keralam

Ans: Aakulam

22) Who transalated Bible into Malayalam

A.John Wycliff
B.Charled Dickens
C.Benjamin Baily
Ans: Benjamin Baily

23) In whose tenure archeological departments started in India

A.Curson Prabhu
B.Minto Prabhu
C.Elgin II
D.Hardinj II
Ans: Curson Prabhu

24) The first southern Indian city hosted the INC

C. Chennai
D. Cochi
Ans: Chennai

25) In which year widow re-marriage act passed

Ans: 1856

26) What is meant by Dart System

A.Tsunami forecasting system
B.Earth quake              forecasting system
C.Volcane Explosion forecasting system
D.None of this
Ans: Tsunami forecasting system

27) The first dam in India

A.Mettur Dam
B.Grant Dam
C.Krishna Raja Sagar dam
D.Indhira Sagar Dam
Ans: Grant Dam

28) In which year Forest-Environmental departments formed in India

Ans: 1985

*29) World Diabetic day

Ans: Nov:14

30) Name the Governor who ordered to shoot at Jalian walabag

A.Micheal O Daire
B.General Diare
C.Mayo Prabhu
D.Rippon Prabhu
Ans: Micheal O Daire

31) The biggest cotton production centre in India

Ans: Mumbai

32) The pass which connects Koxhikode to Wayanad

A.Perambady Pass
B.Body Naikannur Pass
C.Thamarassery pass
D.Palakkad Pass
Ans: Thamarassery pass

33)In which districts Aruvi Kuzhi water falls situated

Ans: Kotayam

34) Name the river which is otherwise known as Perar

Ans: Bharathapuzha

35) The year in which KSEB start functioning

A.1957 March 31
B.1957             April 10
C.1929 March 31
D.1929 April 10
Ans:1957 March 31

36)The clouds which is formed due to the passage of Jet planes

C.Cloud streets
D.Nacreas Clouds
Ans: Cloud streets

37)The metal used during the production of protein

Ans: Pottassium

38) The name of elements having the valency zero

B.Transition elements
C.By metals
D.Inert gases
Ans: Inert gases

39) Name the fluid which is known as candy fluid

A.Silver Bromide
B.Silver Iodide
C.Hydrochloric Acid
D.Pottassium Permanganate
Ans: Pottassium Permanganate

40)Who designed the red ribbon in connection with AIDS

A.Visual AIDS
B.AIDS Society
C.National AIDS Control Society
Ans:Visual AI DS

41) Indias first remote sensing satellite

Ans: IRS I C

42)The metal contained in the bathing soap

Ans: Pottassium

43) The substance having more density of the given below substance

B.Pure water
C.Coconut Oil
Ans: Glicerine

44) The instruments which is operated in AC only

D.Induction Coil
Ans: Transformer

45) Who combiled ‘Kottiyur Pattu’

B.Sree Narayana Guru
D.Thaikad Ayya
Ans: Vagbadanandan

46) The disease which is due to the lack of shortage of Calcium in blood

Ans: Tetani

47) National Lepracy Eradication day

Ans: Jan:30

48) The Social Reformer declared the slogan ‘Manassanu Daivam’

A.Brahmananda Siva Yogi
B.Thaikad Ayya
C.Chattambi Swami
D.Nataraja Guru
Ans: Thaikad Ayya

49) The real name of Brahmananda Sivayogi

D.Karattu Govinda Menon
Ans: Karattu Govinda Menon

50) In which year Pndt:Karuppan organized Kayal sammelanam


  • Valuable Questions for the PSC Examinations conducted from KPSC Thulasi

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  1. In which place the biggest solar plant situated
    Ans: Kamudi
  2. Marine national park which is declared as eco-sensitive zone is situated in which state
    Ans: Gujarath
  3. Name the punishment of inserting the long iron bar into the body of people belongs to lower class of people and make them die after tying in the tree existing in the central region of Keralam
    A.Thooku pareeksha
    C.Visha pareeksha
    D.Vidikalpitha Vadam
    Ans: Chitravadam
  4. Name the atmospheric phenomenon which is called the ‘real finance minister of India’
    B.Monsoon wind
    Ans: Monsoon wind
  5. Name the experiment to possible the internet connection in the region of having no telephone line or mobile connectivity
    A.Project Loon
    C.Mozilla Firefox
    D.Google Chrome
    Ans: Project Loon
  6. Greek philosopher known as ‘Jnanikalude Aacharyan’
    Ans: Aristotle
  7. Whose official palace is ‘Narayan Hiti Kotaram’
    A.Nepal King
    B.Japan Prime Minister
    C.Singapore President
    D.Bhootan King
    Ans: Nepal King
  8. In which year United nations given approval for child right and declared child right year
    Ans: 1989
  9. The first chief minister who is non- eligible after punishing in criminal case

B.Mamatha Banerjee
C.Karuan Nithi
D.Lalu Prasad
Ans: Jayalalitha

10)  The first bio-metric ATM in Keralam

Ans: Munar

11)  Who is known as Anfrank of Gasa
A.Mala Usuf Sai
B.Fara Backer
C.Elfred Jellenic
D.Shiri Ebadi
Ans: Fara Backer

12) The constitution under gone large number of amendments in which Prime Ministers term
A.Jawaharlal Nehru
B.Rajiv Gandhi
C.Indhira Gandhi
D.Morarji Desai
Ans: Indhira Gandhi

13) The social reformer who is known as ‘Daiva Dasan’

A.Kumara Guru Devan
B.Chavara Achan
D.Sahodaran Ayyappan
Ans: Chavara Achan

14) Who started the journal ‘Velakkaran’

B.Sahodaran Ayyappan
C.Brahmananda Siva Yohi
Ans: Sahodaran Ayyappan

15) The chemicals used to protect blood in blood bank

A.Sodium Nitrate
B.Sodium Carbonate
C.Sodium Citrate
D.Sodium Silicate
Ans: Sodium Citrate

16) The parts of Indian Constitution which reflects the philosophy and thoughts of Indian Constitution

A.Fundamental Rights
B.Directive Principle
C.The First Schedule
Ans: Preamble

17)Who invented optical fibre

C.Nareender Kapani
D.Samuel Colt
Ans: Nareender Kapani

18) The father of Indian Music

A.Saranga Devan
B.Purandara Dasan
C.Narasimha Metha
D.Vishnu Digambar
Ans: Saranga Devan

19) The place Makavu is under the rule of which country

Ans: China

20) Name the connector of Central Govt: and State Govt:

B.Chief Minister
C.Chief Secretary
Ans: Governor

21) KPCC President at the time of ‘Vimochana Samaram’

C.Panabilly Govinda Menon
D.None of this
Ans: R.Sanker

22) The germ behind the Siphilis disease

B.Tipponima Palledium
C.Myca Bacterium
D.Plasmodium Vivax
Ans: Tipponima Palledium

23) The chemicals cotain in the sleeping pills

B.Salicylic Acid
Ans: Barbiturate

24) Loka Mithavyaya Dinam

Ans: Oct:30

25) Name the ‘navika pathippu’ of Prithvi Missile

Ans: Dhanush

26) Who transalated H G Well’s book as ‘Loka Charotra Samgraham’in Malayalam

A.E K Nayanar
C.C Achutha Menon
D.Pattam M Thanupilla
Ans: C Achutha Menon

27) In what name the Hungarian citizen John Earnest Hang Salser famous in Kerala history

A.Arnose pathiri
B.Herman Hundert
C.Mathews Pathiri
D.Chavara Achan
Ans: C Arnose pathiri

28) What is known as ‘Brave Wave Test’

A.Electro Encephalo Gram
B.Electro Cardio Gram
C.Tread mill test
D.Mandroks Test
Ans: Electro Encephalo Gram

29) The American President who handled the Cuban missile crisis

B.John F Kennedy
C.Linden B Johnson
D.Richard Nixon
Ans: John F Kennedy

30) The national territory having more number of districts

C.Delhi(National capital)
D.Andaman Nicobar
Ans: Delhi

31) Parimargan Jogi related to which sports item

Ans: Chess

32) Golden fibre

Ans: Chanam

33)Name the Indian river called ‘Gaiva Maruboomi’


34) Name the chera king who received the degree ‘Mnukuladityan’

A.Kulashekara Azhwar
B.Rajashekhara Varman
C.Indhukotha Varma
D.Bhaskara ravi Varma
Ans: Bhaskara ravi Varma

35) The year in which KSEB established

Ans: 1957

36)Which state in India having the earth quake warning secretariat

Ans: Haryana

37)The widely used protocol in network


38) The chief information officer in India

A.Nassim Syed
B.R K Mathur
C.H L Dattu
D.T S Takur
Ans: R K Mathur

39) The instrument which is used to measure the speed of computer mouse

Ans: Miki

40)The first film artist nominated to Rajya Sabha

A.Nargese Dutt
B.dada Sahib Phalke
C.Utham Kumar
D.Prithwi Raj kapur
Ans: Prithwi Raj kapur

Career making through PSC Results of notified examinations

Hai friends; how the heading indicates so happens,at any you think about that.Right now think, that make you cheerful in getting the required psc results from KPSC

References:Kerala        PSC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala public Service Commission

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50 Repeatedly appearing Kerala PSC General Knowledge Questions and Answers in Malayalam


      Here I am giving some 50 repeatedly asking PSC General Knowledge Questions and Answers in Malayalam. It is very interesting. This will determine your place in the rank list in PSC examinations. Important speciality is that this GK current affairs helps in attaining good rank in PSC examinations.


PSC GK questions and answers in English

In normal course  any psc examinations basic GK Questions and Answers are the back-borne of it. Special concentration is given to study this study materials for PSC examinations.


Enchanting Basic easy General Knowledge Questions and Answers for Kerala PSC

As the headlines indicates it is magical Basic General Knowledge Questions and Answers. You can use the following questions for improvemnet  in your present knowledge.



  1. Who is the architecture of the Gate Way of India-
    A.George Witet
    B.Edwin Lutins
    C.Herbart Becker
    D.Le KorbusiarAns: George Witet

2.Who got  first Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award –

A.Geeth Sethi
B.Liander Paes
D.Vishwa Nath Ananth
Ans: Vishwa Nath Ananth

3.Whose auto biography is ‘My Times’-
A.David Bekkam
Ans: J.B.Kripalani

  • Human nails are the product —-
    Ans: Protein
  • ‘Thazhna Lakshyam Oru Kutamanu’ Whose words are this-
    B.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam
    C.Jawaharlal Nehru
    Ans: A.P.J.Abdul Kalam
  • Golden Globe Award is related to which field-
    C. Music
    Ans: Film
  • In which year East India Association formed-
    B. 1867
    Ans: 1866
  • Name the Chera King who was behind the ‘Tarisa Pally Sasanam-
    A.Vikramaditya Varagunan
    B.Bhaskara Ravi Varman
    C.Goda ravi Varman
    D.Sthanu ravi Kulasekharan
    Ans: Sthanu ravi Kulasekharan
  • Name the state having more sea cost
    B.Tamil Nadu
    D.Andhra Pradesh

Ans: Gujarath

  • The smallest Republic in the world-
    A.Vathican city
    Ans: Nouru
  • Athmeeya Guru of Shivaji-
    C.Kabir Das
    D.Ram Das
    Ans: Ram Das
  • Who established Vijaya Nagaram-
    A.Hari Haran&Bukan
    B.Hari haran&Gavanum
    Ans: Hari Haran&Bukan
  • The Agricultural crops known as ‘Chinese Potato’-
    D.Beet root
    Ans: Kurka
  • In which place All Kerala Congress Meeting took place in 1921-
    Ans: Ottapalam
  • In which districts ‘Cheeyappara water falls-
    Ans: Idukki
  • On which organs of body affects pneumonia –
    D.Small intestine
    Ans: Lungs
  • Which International Agencies slogan is ‘Charity in War’-
    A.Amnesty international
    B.Red Cross
    C.Green Peace
    D.United Nations
    Ans: Red Cross
  • Whose work is ‘Nagananda’-
    A.Harsha Vardhan
    C.Bhava Bhoodi
    Ans: Harsha Vardhan
  • The writ which is having the meaning ‘Thadayuka’-
    A.Haebeus Corpus
    Ans: Prohibition
  • The length of river Pampa-
    Ans: 176 km
  • The instrument which is used to record the growth of plants-
    A.Pyro metre
    B.Cresco Graph
    Ans: Cresco Graph
  • World Teachers Day-
    Ans: Oct:5
  • Chemical name of kakka-
    A.Calcium Carbonate
    B.Calcium Oxalate
    C.Calcium Oxite
    D.Calcium Oxide
    Ans: Calcium Carbonate
  • The minimum age require to be the member of Legislative assembly-
    Ans: 30
  • The year in which cancelled the Bengal Division-
    Ans: 1911
  • The first Indian who travelled in the world in ‘Pakkappal’-
    A.Abhilash Tomy
    B.Sebastian Saviour
    C.Mihir Sen
    D.None of this
    Ans: Abhilash Tomy
  • In which place liquefied natural gas terminal situated-
    B. Puthu Vype
    D. Kakkanad
    Ans: Puthu Vype
  • The date at which President signed the food safety bill
    A.2013 sept:12
    B.2013 sept:2
    C.2014 jan:1
    D.2013 dec:31
    Ans: 2013 sept:12
  • In which country Mount Etna Volcanes situated-
    B. France
    Ans: Italy
  • The leader warriors of Akbar
    A.Raja Thodermal
    B.Byram Khan
    C.Raja Birbel
    D.Abul Fasal
    Ans: Byram Khan
  • The treaty which is known as ‘A child births’-
    A.Thashkent Treaty
    B.Pancha Sheela Thathwam
    C.Simla Treaty
    D.Lahore Treaty
    Ans: Simla Treaty
  • The mother of modern ecological organizations-
    A.Rachel Karsen
    B.Wangari mathai
    C.Meda Padkar
    D.Mother Theressa
    Ans: Rachel Karsen
  • Name the river originate from Michala Nira and mets in Bay of Bengal-
    B. Ganga
    C. Narmada
    D. Mahanadi
    Ans: Narmada
  • In which state Manikiran Project situated-
    Himachal Pradesh
    B.Tamil Nadu
    Ans: Himachal Pradesh
  • In which place Salim Centre for Ornithology&Natural Science situated-
    C. Maharashtra
    Ans: Coimbatore
  • Name the action of attaining the information of others after attacking the computer network of others-
    C. Cyber space
    Ans: Hacker
  • Whose pen name is ‘Sinik’-
    C.M.Vasudevan Nair
    D. O.V.Vijayan
    Ans: M.Vasudevan Nair
  • The scientist who discovered the ‘Soura Kalankangal’-
    D. Copper Nicus
    Ans: Galeleo
  • The Area of Keralam-
    A.3863 KM Square
    B.36863 KM Sqare
    C.3214 KM Square
    D.38863 KM Square
    Ans: 38863 KM Square
  • Whose work is Kalapani-
    C.Vinayak Godsey
    D.Vishnu Batt Godse
    Ans: V.D.Savarkar
  • Name the Governor General known as Bengal Tiger-
    Ans: Wellesly
  • The first Governor General of Pakisthan
    A.Abdul Kalam Azad
    C.Muhammed Ali Jinna
    DLiyakhath Ali Khan
    Ans: Muhammed Ali Jinna
  • Which table explains about ‘Koorumata Nirodhana Niyamam’-
    Ans: 10
  • The father of Hotmail-
    A.Sabi Battiya
    C.James T Russel
    D.Dugles Engal Bert
    Ans: Sabi Battiya
  • The 193th member of United Nations-
    A.Mondi Negro
    B.South Sudan
    D.South Korea
    Ans: South Sudan
  • The chairman of national knowledge commission-
    A.Sam Pitroda
    B.Vincent M Paul
    D.R K Mathur
    Ans: Sam Pitroda
  • The first Secretary of SNDP-
    B.SreeNarayana Guru
    D.NataRaja Guru
    Ans: Kumaranasan
  • The present Chairman of ISRO-
    A.S Kiran Kumar
    B.P C Mahala Nobis
    C.MGK Menon
    D.Dr.Radha Krishnan
    Ans: A.S Kiran Kumar
  • The architecture of second five year paln-
    A.Dr.M.S.Swami Nathan
    B.P.C.Mahala Nobis
    Ans: P.C.Mahala Nobis
  • The term ‘Bimar’related which game-
    Ans: Cricket


This advanced General Knowledge Questions and Answers helps for PSC Examinations

In other words, above General Knowledge Questions and answers are qualifying questions and answers to write a PSC Examinations. Success in this test may be your stepping stones to aquare a higher rank in PSC Examinations.


References: Kerala PSC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala public Service Commission


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List of Wild Life Sancturies in Kerala as well as India

Through this article I familiarize you to the wild life sanctuaries including national parks, forest reserves, bird sanctuaries, Tiger Reserves, Elephant Reserves of the of Keralam and, India. And also includes important places and suitable season to visit this places for different purposes.such as trecking jogging etc.and also given accommodation nearby and lot more(.E)

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is a unique protected area.It is  located in the rain shadow region in the eastern slope of Western Ghats, adjoining Tamilnadu. The area is diverse in eco systems and rich in ethnic cultural heritage. Chinnar wildlife sanctuary represents wide and large  varieties of animals(Flora and Fonna) and plants unavoidable for the proper existence of ecosystem. It is one of the best preserve wildlife sanctuaries by government as well as local people. It is actually the beautiful and valuable properties of Keralam.As the name indicates it has its own beauty in the name itself.When we hear the word Chinnar ,some pleasant thoughts flashing through the minds,particularly for the  eco-friendly people. This beautiful wildlife sanctuary is situated in the rain shadow area of Western Ghats of the state of Kerala. It has dry throne forests as well as has array of habitat like dry thorny forest, deciduous forests, shoals, grassland and riparian types because of rainfall and significant variation in altitude. This wildlife sanctuary is full of hillocks, cliffs, rocks, plains and home to various forms of micro and macro organisms.It is one of the  beautiful and best place to be visited by natural lovers.If any is not visited this place, actually a great lose to them.It is actually a great natural treat for the tourists.Large number of tourists are continually visiting this sanctuaries throughout the years.

Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is situated at 18 Km from Marayoor.Marayoor is in the districts Idukki.You know Marayoor is famous for sandalwoods. It has an area of  more than 90 Sq Km . This wild life sanctuary  got status of national wildlife sanctuary in the year 1984 from the government of India. There is an Interpretation Centre at Karimutty, two eco shops, one each at Chinnar check post and Aalampetty, an amenity centre, inspection bunglow, dormitory and cafeteria/at Chinnar check post to cater to the needs of visitors.Remeber once in your life surely visit this magnificent attractive tourists spots of Keralam.(E)


Eravikulam National Park


The most magnificent and wonderful tourists spot is Eravikulam National Parks.The most sought after destination in Munnar is the Eravikulam National Park.This national park is the place where the endangered Nilgiri Thar is protected.This is the first of its kind in Keralam.  It is  Spread over 97 sq. km. This park holds the largest viable population of Tahr, several other species of rare and endangered animals, birds and butterflies can be seen.This place is the offer of nature .This park offers a magnificent view of the tea plantations and also of the rolling hills caressed by blankets of mist. The park becomes a hot destination when the hill slopes get covered in a carpet of blue. This sanctuaries is famous for the  flowering of Neelakurinji. Anamudi Peak located inside the Eravikulam National Park., It is the highest peak in south India standing at a height of 2695m. Entry of tourists is restricted but the view can be enjoyed from a distance at Rajamala. Rajamala is one of the tourism zone of Eravikulam National Park and is a place where one can see Nilgiri Tahr.The tourism zone will be closed during Feb – March every year. Visitors can get assured sighting of Nilgiri Tahr, feel the kurinji and experience the shola grassland ecosystem.Natuaral lovers can be best experienced beauty of Kurinji.(E)

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary (Vembanad Bird Sanctuary)

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary  is situated at Kumarakom in Kottayam district in Kerala,.Another name of it is  Vembanad Bird Sanctuary.It lies in the  banks of Vembanad Lake. Large number of migratory birds can be seen in this  sanctuary It was developed in a rubber plantation as a bird sanctuary by an Englishman.Long ago  the sanctuary was  known as Baker’s Estate. Now this  bird sanctuary is managed by Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. The sanctuary is spread over 14 acres (5.7 ha) on the southern bank of the Kavanar River.There is a system of paths for moving around within the sanctuary. Beyond the sanctuary, one can take a boat ride in Vembanad Lake or along the Kavanar River. Kumarakom is 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Kottayam. State Highway No. 1 leads to Kochi and Thiruvanthapuram in opposite directions. Kochi International Airport at Nedumbassery is 106 km (66 mi) from Kumarakom. Neighbouring areas such as Kaipuzha Muttu, Pathirmanal, Narakathara, Thollairam Kayal, and Poothanpandi Kayal are also good locations for spotting birds.This bird sanctuary gives special beauty to the district Kottayam.This sanctuary plays an important role to get a significant place in the tourist map for the districts Kottayam.(E)


Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary


This sanctuary lies in the capital city of Keralam,that is in Thiruvananthapuram.Lying on the outskirts of the capital city, the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 53 sq. km. on the Western Ghats and this sanctuary was established in 1938. This sanctuary is fascinating for its dam site, thick forest areas, crystal clear streams and rocky terrains .And it is also ideal for adventure expeditions.

The sanctuary has a rich population of mammalian fauna and is emerging as a big attraction to wildlife enthusiasts and ornithologists.It is actually the paradise for environmentalists. Asian elephant, sambar, leopard, lion-tailed macaque, can be seen here. Birdlife includes the endemics like Malabar Grey Hornbill, White bellied Treepie, Small Sun bird, etc. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary constitutes the catchments of the Peppara Dam on the Karamana River near Thiruvananthapuram, India.

The Peppara Dam was commissioned in 1983. And its main purpose is to provide  drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram city and suburban areas. Considering the ecological significance of the area, it was declared a sanctuary in 1983. The area was formerly a part of the Paruthippally range of the Thiruvananthapuram Territorial Division. Forests consist of part of the Palode reserve (24 square kilometres (9.3 sq mi)) and part of Kottoor reserve (29 square kilometres (11 sq mi)). The total water spread of the reservoir is 5.82 square kilometres (2.25 sq mi). The Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on Thiruvanthapuram-Ponmudi Road, about 50 km northeast of Thiruvananthapuram. Forest types include West coast tropical evergreen, Southern hilltop tropical evergreen, West coast semi-evergreen, Southern moist mixed deciduous forest, Myristica swamp forest, sub-montane hill valley swamp forest etc. The sanctuary has a rich population of mammalian fauna and is emerging as a big attraction to wildlife enthusiasts and ornithologists. 43 species of mammals, 233 species of birds, 46 species of reptiles, 13 species of amphibians and 27 species of fishes are reported from the sanctuary.

To get the detailed info of the place, best season & time to visit, how to get there, safari details / boating/ trekking details, list of animals/birds you can expect to see there , entry/camera fees, and of course all of the accommodations nearby, please download the app or send us an inquiry:



Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary (Periyar Tiger Reserve, Periyar National Park, Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary)


Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady, is an example of nature’s bounty, with great scenic charm, rich bio diversity and providing veritable visitor satisfaction. Sprawled over an area of 925 Sq .km., Periyar is one of the 27 tiger reserves in India. Zealously guarded and efficiently managed reserve is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna and forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba. People oriented and park centered community based ecotourism is the hallmark of Periyar Tiger Reserve.

These programmes are conducted by local people responsible for the surveillance of the vulnerable parts of the reserve. By taking tourists along, they are involved in the conservation of the forests of Periyar and some valuable revenue is generated for community welfare. People who once made a living by illegal operations in the forests have since become forest protectors and earn their livelihood through these programmes. Hence, as a visitor, when you join them in any of these programmes,you are directly contributing towards forest conservation and community welfare. Set high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in God’s Own Country, Kerala, is the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve. Periyar wildlife sanctuary has a picturesque lake at the heart of the sanctuary.

Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a permanent source of water for the local wildlife. Though its a Tiger Reserve, tourists come here to view the Indian elephants in the act of ablution and playfulness by the Periyar lake. BTW please note eriyar Tiger Reserve is divided into two division viz. Periyar East and Periyar West. Periyar East is made up of Thekkady, Periyar and Vallakkadavu ranges, while Periyar West division comprises Azhutha and Pampa ranges. All tourism activities at PTR take place at Thekkady, in Thekkady range.


Silent Valley National Park


Silent Valley National Park is a national park with a core zone of 237.54 square kilometres (91 sq mi) (making it the largest national park in Kerala). It is located in the Nilgiri Hills, within the Palakkad District of Kerala, South India. This region was explored in 1847 by the botanist Robert Wight, and is a setting for the epic Mahabharatha. This park is one of the last undisturbed tracts of South Western Ghats mountain rain forests and tropical moist evergreen forest in India. Contiguous with the proposed Karimpuzha National Park (225 km2) to the north and Mukurthi National Park (78.46 km2) to the north-east, it is the core of the Nilgiri International Biosphere Reserve (1,455.4 km2), and is part of The Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km2), Western Ghats World Heritage Site, recognised by UNESCO in 2007.

The Silent Valley region is locally known as “Sairandhrivanam”, which in Malayalam means Sairandhri’s Forest. Sairandhri is Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharatha, who disguised herself as Sairandhri, the maid of a queen named Sudeshna, while her family was in exile.[4] The Pandavas, deprived of their kingdom, set out on a 13-year exile. They wandered south, into what is now Kerala, until one day they came upon a magical valley where rolling grasslands met wooded ravines, a deep green river bubbled its course through impenetrable forest, where at dawn and twilight the tiger and elephant would drink together at the water’s edge, where all was harmonious and man unknown. Beside that river, in a cave on a hill slope, the Pandavas halted.

The first Western investigation of the watersheds of the Silent Valley area was in 1857 by the botanist Robert Wight.The British named the area Silent Valley because of a perceived absence of noisy cicadas. Another story attributes the name to the anglicisation of Sairandhri. A third story, refers to the presence there of many lion-tailed macaques Macaca silenus. In 1914 the forest of the Silent Valley area was declared a reserve forest, however, from 1927 to 1976 portions of the Silent Valley forest area were subjected to forestry operations.


Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary (Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary)


The Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, covering an area of barely 25 km2, and located about 12 km from Kothamangalam (Kerala state, India), was the first bird sanctuary in Kerala. Salim Ali, one of the best known ornithologist described this sanctuary as the richest bird habitat on peninsular India. Thattekkad literally means flat forest, and the region is an evergreen low-land forest located between the branches of Periyar River, the longest river in Kerala. The Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary has a rich and varied birdlife. Several species of birds, both forest birds as well as the water birds, visit the sanctuaries. Thattekkad is made up of tropical evergreen and deciduous forests and some grassland patches. This globally acclaimed bird sanctuary owes much of its fame to Dr. Salim Ali, the internationally renowned ornithologist. After his famous bird survey of Travancore in the early 1930s, he reported that this area is extremely rich in bird diversity and that it should be made into a bird sanctuary. Thus his efforts were instrumental in the formation of this sanctuary to a large extent. More than 300 species of birds are found here.

Spread across 25 sq. km. the sanctuary lies between the tributaries of the River Periyar like a peninsula. Birds like Srilankan Frogmouth, Racket tailed Drongo, Bronzed Drongo, White bellied Treepie, Shama, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Rufous Babbler, Malabar Parakeet, Whitebellied Blue Flycatcher, Malabar Grey Hornbill, are some of the birds that can be easily seen here. Thattekkad also has extensive plantations of teak, rosewood, mahogany. The dense forest is also home to nearly 28 species of mammals and about 9 species of reptiles.


Tholpetty Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary


Tholpetty (& Muthunga) forests in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary are the foremost and targeted tourism destinations in Wayanad District. Muthanga and Tholpetty are the two ecotourism centers in Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. Visits to these ecotourism centers provide unforgettable wilderness experience, frequent sightings of free ranging wildlife like herds of elephants, guars, deers, monkeys, tigers, leopards, bears, many species of reptiles, fishes, butterflies, birds including vultures etc, valuable nature education information from interpretation centres etc Medicinal plants’ garden, Birth Star Plants’ (Zodiac Plants) Garden, Muthanga Elephant Camp with 3 tuskers and one female calf, traditional tribal folk lore etc are other attractions in Muthanga.

Ecotourism in Muthanga and Tholpetty is much helpful in creating deep conservation awareness in the minds of visitors. It is much educative and recreational too. It is a main source of livelihood income for local tribes including tourist guides. Ecotourism in these two centers are managed by Muthanga and Tholpetty Eco-Development Committees (EDCs) under supervision of Kerala forest department. Tholpetty sanctuary is located 20 km east of Mananthavady, 13 km from Thirunelly on the Kodagu Road.

To get the detailed info of the place, best season & time to visit, how to get there, safari details / boating/ trekking details, list of animals/birds you can expect to see there , entry/camera fees, and of course all of the accommodations nearby, please download the app or send us an inquiry:






Muthanga Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Established in 1973, Muthanga Wildlife sanctuary is contiguous to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the northeast and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu on the southeast. Rich in bio-diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The management lays emphasis on scientific conservation with due consideration for the general lifestyle of the tribals and others who live in and around the forest region.

The Sanctuary has a large population of pachyderms and has been declared a Project Elephant site. Muthanga and Tholpetty forests in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary are the foremost and targeted tourism destinations in Wayanad District. Muthanga and Tholpetty are the two ecotourism centers in Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. Visits to these ecotourism centers provide unforgettable wilderness experience, frequent sightings of free ranging wildlife like herds of elephants, guars, deers, monkeys, tigers, leopards, bears, many species of reptiles, fishes, butterflies, birds including vultures etc, valuable nature education information from interpretation centres etc Medicinal plants’ garden, Birth Star Plants’ (Zodiac Plants) Garden, Muthanga Elephant Camp with 3 tuskers and one female calf, traditional tribal folk lore etc are other attractions in Muthanga.

Ecotourism in Muthanga and Tholpetty is much helpful in creating deep conservation awareness in the minds of visitors. It is much educative and recreational too. It is a main source of livelihood income for local tribes including tourist guides. Ecotourism in these two centers are managed by Muthanga and Tholpetty Eco-Development Committees (EDCs) under supervision of Kerala forest department. Muthunga sanctuary is located 13 km from Sultan Bathery Kerala.




Begur Wayanad Forest Reserve

Located in Western Ghats, Begur Wildlife Sanctuary is among the lesser known sanctuaries in the country. Situated 30 km from Mananthawady in Wayanad district of Kerala, Begur Wildlife Sanctuary is home to a wide variety of exotic flora and fauna. Surrounded by mist-clad Western Ghats, the dense green cover and thriving wildlife population is a pleasure to nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. The green cover mainly comprises of deciduous forest and west coast semi evergreen forest.

The sanctuary is a treat for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers as one can spot bear, bison, civet cat, elephants, jungle cat, monkeys, panther, spotted deer, wild boar, wild dog, etc. Due to scarcity of water in the neighbouring sanctuaries like Bandipur, Nagarhole and Mudamalai, Begur wildlife sanctuary attracts large number of animals and birds during December-May. Along with Bandipur-Madhumalai-Nagarhole-Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Begur houses a few hundred tigers. The forests are spread across three states — Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Sightings of black bulbul, jungle fowl, kingfisher, laughing thrush, peafowl, myna, woodpecker, etc. are common in the park. Flora varieties include teak, eucalyptus, rosewood, vengal, etc.


Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary. Mangalavanam is an ecologically sensitive area situated at the centre of the Indian city of Kochi. It is situated behind the Kerala High Court building. It is a nesting ground for a large variety of migratory birds and supports many types of mangroves. The Managalavanam is often regarded as the “green lung of Kochi”, considering its role in keeping the city’s air pollution under check. The area is a roosting place for many kinds of resident and migratory birds. Mangalavanam is primarily a bird refuge.

A bird survey conducted in May 2006 found that there were 194 birds belonging to 32 species. The total number of bird species recorded so far from the area is 72.      An incredible green spot with an extensive variety of life and that too amid a buzzing metro! Not ready to believe? Then visit Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary, an ecologically sensitive area situated at the centre of Kochi behind the Kerala High Court building fittingly dubbed as the ‘green lung of Kochi’. Primarily a bird refuge, the innate appeal of Mangalavanam is augmented by the Arabian Sea which borders the sanctuary and adds to it a panoramic ambiance.

Mangalavanam, a nesting ground for a large variety of migratory birds, is a paradise for birdwatchers and twitchers. This green paradise is also a roosting place for resident as well as migratory birds. A survey conducted in 2006 revealed that there were 194 birds belonging to 32 species, in Mangalavanam.

Thickly imbedded with a variety of trees and plants, including teak, the sanctuary enjoys a cool temperature. Mangalavanam also supports many types of mangroves. Amid the thick greenery of Mangalavanam cascades a shallow tidal lake bordered with thick mangrove vegetation. The lake is connected to the Cochin backwaters by a canal. And down under the silent depth of this water lives seven species of fishes Anabas testudineus, Striped panchax, Orange chromide, Etroplus suratensis, Malabar swamp eel, Blackline rasbora and Sarotherodon. In the fresh air of Mangalavanam flies 17 species of butterflies, the little beauties that bedeck the sanctuary with multitudes of hues. The best time to visit the sanctuary are the early summer months, especially from mid-January to early-March.

Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary (Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary)


The dense tropical forests of Chimmini, shelter diverse flora and fauna. The dam across the Chimmini river offers a breathtaking view. This picturesque picnic spot is a favorite haunt of the local people. Located in the Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur district, Chimmini is only a tow-hour drive from Kochi. The Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary which was established in 1984, lies contiguous with the Peechi – Vazhani sanctuary. The sanctuary is endowed with scenic beauty beyond compare. Living here in joyful abandon are elephants, sambars, gaurs, Malabar squirrels, sloth bears etc.

Chimmony wildlife sanctuary located in the Western Ghats, is one of the world’s 25 bio-diversity hot-spots, the haven of innumerable species of endangered plants and animals. (Mammals 39 Species, Birds 160 Species, Reptiles – 25, Amphibians – 14 & Fish – 31). The total area of this wild life sanctuary considered as a global mega-diversity zone comprising several local species of living organisms and virgin forests come to around 85.067 sq km inclusive of the Chimmeney Lake.

Set up in 1984, this sanctuary forms part of the Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur District’. The distance is 60 km from the Kochi International Airport and 36 km from Thrissur town. It comes under the Peechi Wild Life Division. The forest department organises trekking and bamboo rafting programmes in and around the sanctuary. But the best of all experiences is the Moonlight Sonata, which involves rafting on full moon lights.

To get the detailed info of the place, best season & time to visit, how to get there, safari details / boating/ trekking details, list of animals/birds you can expect to see there , entry/camera fees, and of course all of the accommodations nearby, please download the app or send us an inquiry:


Peechi-Vaazhaani Wildlife Sanctuary

Peechi vazhani wildlife sanctuary is the second oldest wildlife sanctuary of the state of the Kerala. This sanctuary is situated in Thrissur district of the state of the Kerala. It comprises of parts of Bahranipacha mala, Paravattanimala and Machadmala regions. This sanctuary was established in the year of 1958. It includes the forests of Nellivampathi and Palapilli with area of Chimmony wildlife sanctuary. The sanctuary covers total area of 125 Sq. Km.

The sanctuary is blessed with evergreen forests because this region witnesses near about 3000 mm rainfall in monsoon. The highest peak of the sanctuary is Ponmudi with an elevation of 923 m and it is best for trekking activities. Numerous streams flow through the sanctuary and provide ample water for wildlife habitats. The sanctuary has different types of forests like tropical semi-evergreen forests, tropical evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests. These forests support for harmonious ecosystem.

The sanctuary is home for more than 39 species of animals, 30 species of reptiles, 176 species of birds, 40 species of fish and 17 species of amphibians. The common animals like tiger, sloth bear, leopard, sambar, elephant, bonnet macaque, slender loirs and Niligiri langur found in rich numbers. Tourists can also spot other mammals like deers, barking deers, elk, bison, fox, spotted deer and many more. The sanctuary is also home for native as well as migratory birds. It is also heaven for snake lover because they can spot more than 10 species of snake here. Peechi dam is popular picnic spot because of beautiful botanical garden, rippling fountains and boating facility. The surrounding of dam is cover by lush green forest and offers breathtaking view to visitors. Tourists can take cruise ride to see the beauty of forests.

The sanctuary is a wonderful location of trekking and for a nature walk. Nature camps are held frequently in the sanctuary. Tourists have to take prior permission for trekking from the forest department.

Chenthuruni Wildlife Sanctuary (Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary)


The Shenduruney forest – declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1984 gets its name from an endemic species of tree called Chenkurunji (Gluta travancorica). In the central region of this moist, mixed deciduous forest, spread over hilly terrain of over 100 sq km, is the 26 sq km artificial lake formed by the Parappara dam built across the Shenduruney and Kulathupuzha rivers.

Presence of wild populations of lion-tailed macaque, a highly endangered species. Presence of other wild animals like elephant, tiger, leopard, bear, Nilgiri langur, Malabar giant squirrel etc. High degrees in diversity of avi-faunal wealth – 267 species of birds were reported including migratory, endemic and endangered species. An artificial lake of nearly 18.69Sq.km within the sanctuary attracts a large number of water birds.

Tropical evergreen and semi evergreen forest cover a major area of the sanctuary. It has a presence of lion-tailed macaque, a highly endangered species. A brood of the highly elusive nocturnal forest bird, the Great Eared Nightjar was spotted for the first time at Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary in Kollam, Kerala. Earlier, it was recorded from the Siruvani foothills in Tamil Nadu in May 1995. The first eco-tourism project in India, Thenmala Eco-tourism Project has been formulated in and around Shenduruney Wildlife Sanctuary.


Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary


A repository of some of the rarest medicinal herbs, the Neyyar Dam located about 32 km from Thiruvananthapuram, is a popular picnic spot with a lake and a picturesque dam site. The lake formed by the dam across the Neyyar River is the bluest of blue, making boating irresistible for tourists.The Wildlife Sanctuary of which the dam is a part is the habitat of over a hundred species of fauna including Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Slender Loris and reptiles like King Cobra, Travancore Tortoise, etc. A crocodile breeding centre and a lion safari park are also located in the dam site.


Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary


The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the southern state of Kerala in India is spread over the southeast corner of the Western Ghats, and covers a total area of 128 km2 (49 sq mi). Although it was declared as a sanctuary in 1958, not much was done about wildlife conservation, until 1985, when a separate wildlife wing was set up and as a result, conservation efforts have gathered momentum. A repository of some of the rarest medicinal herbs, the Neyyar Dam located about 32 km from Thiruvananthapuram, is a popular picnic spot with a lake and a picturesque dam site. The lake formed by the dam across the Neyyar River is the bluest of blue, making boating irresistible for tourists.

The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary of which the dam is a part is the habitat of over a hundred species of fauna including Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Slender Loris and reptiles like King Cobra, Travancore Tortoise, etc. A crocodile breeding centre and a lion safari park are also located in the dam site. There are 39 species of mammals, including Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Bonnet macaque, Nilgiri Langur and Nilgiri tahr. 176 species of birds, 30 species of reptiles, 17 species of amphibians and 40 species of fishes are reported from the sanctuary

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary


Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is a well protected ecological portion in the Nelliampathy – Anamalai landscape of the Southern Western Ghats in India. It is located in the Palakkad District of Kerala. It is one of the biodiversity hot spot in the world supports diverse habitat types and endemism. Considering its biological richness, abundance of wildlife and landscape beauty makes Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is one of the most attractive places in the entire stretch of Western Ghats. It was declared as Tiger Reserve during 2009 with total area of 643.66 Sq. Km, which includes core area of 390.89 and 252.77 Sq Km Buffer area.

Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is the most protected ecological piece of Anamalai sub unit of Western Ghats, surrounded on all sides by protected areas and sanctuaries of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the sanctuary is endowed with a peninsular flora and fauna which are excellently conserved due to total protection and minimal human interferences. The sanctuary being a major ecological continuum from Peechhi to Eravikulam through Anamalai aids the large viable populations of wildlife. It is the home ground for different races of indigenous people who are as well an integral part of the prevailing harmonious ecosystem. The thick, opulent habitat of the sanctuary with ample water supply’s make it an abode for wildlife and there by for tourist who can have treasured memories of animal sightings and that of being in the lap of mother nature. It is popularly revered as ‘Nature’s own abode’.

To get the detailed info of the place, best season & time to visit, how to get there, safari details / boating/ trekking details, list of animals/birds you can expect to see there , entry/camera fees, and of course all of the accommodations nearby, please download the app or send us an inquiry:


Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary


The Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over 55 sq km of undulating forested highlands on the slopes of the Western Ghats. The highest peak here – Katti Betta – rises to a majestic 1145 m above sea level. Covered with tropical and semi evergreen forests, the Aralam Sanctuary is home to a vast variety of flora and fauna endemic to the Western Ghats. Elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Nilgiri langur, Hanuman langur, Malabar giant squirrel, etc can be seen here.

Aralam, a village in Thalassery, Kannur, is also noted for the Central State Farm, a 3060 hectare farm started in 1971 by the Government of India. This is one of the main production centres of hybrid coconut seeds in the country. Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is the northernmost wildlife sanctuary of Kerala, southwest India. A mere 55 km2 (21 sq mi) in area and located on the western slope of the Western Ghats. It was established in 1984. The headquarters of the sanctuary is near Iritty.

Aralam wildlife sanctuary is the northernmost protected area of Kerala state, situated in the southeast part of Kannur District. The sanctuary area falls in Aralam, Kelakam and Kottiyoor revenue villages and is located in the Northwest slopes of Western Ghats contiguous with the forests of Coorg (Kodagu) district of Karnataka state. It was formed by carving out areas from the Odanthode Malavaram of Thalassery special division which was an erstwhile private forest, subsequently taken over by Govt. as per the provisions of the Kerala Private Forests (Vesting and assignment) Act 1971 and from the Kottiyoor RF of Wayanad Forest Division. The Vested Forest portion of the sanctuary is 32.64 km2 and the 22.36 km2 is part of Kottiyoor RF (Reserved Forest).




Kurinjimala Sanctuary


Kurinjimala Sanctuary protects the approximately 32 km² core habitat of the endangered Neelakurinji plant in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages in Devakulam Taluk, Idukki district of Kerala State. The sanctuary is home to threatened species of elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri tahr and deer. The new sanctuary is contiguous to the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary to the northwest, Manjampatti Valley in Amaravati reserve forest of Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary to the northeast, Eravikulam National Park and Anamudi Shola National Park to the west, Pampadum Shola National Park to the south and the proposed Palani Hills National Park to the east.

The sanctuary provides continuity and connectivity to these five protected areas. The declaration of the sanctuary was made by the Kerala Forest Minister Benoy Viswam at the Neelakurinji Fest at Munnar on October 7, 2006. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary is habitat for diversity of many rare species of flora and fauna. The name of the sanctuary is derived from the word Kurinjimala, which means the mountain of Kurinji flowers.The Kurinjimala Sanctuary is famous for the Neelakurinji Plantation. Neelakurinji a blue flower that grows in abundance in the Idduki and Munnar region


Karimpuzha National Park (New Amarambalam Wildlife Sanctuary)


Karimpuzha National Park is a 230 km² proposed National Park located in the Nilgiri Hills, Palakkad district and Nilgiris district, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, in South India. Along with Mukhurti National Park and Karimpuzha National Park, Silent Valley National Park forms the core of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. This park is explored in 1847 by Robert Wight, the park remains one of the last uninterrupted territories of south Western Ghats montane rainforests and tropical moist evergreen forests in the country.

This national park has over 858 species of fauna that includes 34 species of animals and about 500 species of butterflies and moths. It is also an excellent location for birdwatchers as the park is home to over 292 species of birds that include Nilgiri wood pigeon, blue winged parakeet, grey headed bulbul, white bellied blue flycatcher, broad tailed grass wabler, Nilgiri pipit, etc. The state is taking care to make these national parks as great place to view animals and natural beauties and other botanical species. The lion tailed macaque is the most popular attraction in Silent Valley National Park. Nilgiri langur, mouse deer, gaur, fishing cat, stripe necked mongoose, panther, etc. are some of the other exotic wildlife species found in the park.


Mathikettan Shola National Park

Mathikettan Shola National Park is a 12.82 km² national park in Poopara village of Udumbanchola taluk in Idukki district of Kerala state, South India.It notified area national park in November 2008.The name Mathikettan derives from the Tamil word literally meaning ‘mind confuser’, as the local people say that one forgets the path once he enters into the park.It notified as a national park to protect the wildlife and rich biodiversity of the area.The shola forest in the area is bestowed with unit with geological founal and floral and geomorphological wealth.

The Mathikettan Shola National Park attracts large numbers of adventure seekers with its trails that run through the forests providing amazing views of the region. Watching birds and wildlife in their natural habitat is a popular attraction among trekkers in the national park. A haven for wildlife photographers, they visit the national park and stay for long periods to capture the animals in their natural habitat. The forest is home to beautiful and rare animals like tigers, panthers, wild elephants, giant grizzled squirrel, flying squirrels, spotted deer and Nilgiri tahrs. The park abounds in snakes such asking cobras, pythons, vipers and rat snakes, turtles, crocodiles and lizards. Make sure you wear the appropriate clothing and footwear to safeguard yourself from bites of any kind.

To get the detailed info of the place, best season & time to visit, how to get there, safari details / boating/ trekking details, list of animals/birds you can expect to see there , entry/camera fees, and of course all of the accommodations nearby, please download the app or send us an inquiry:


Anamudi Shola National Park


Anamudi Shola National Park is a protected area located along the Western Ghats in Idukki District, Kerala state, South India. It is composed of Mannavan shola, Idivara shola and Pullardi shola, covering a total area of around 7.5 km². Draft notification of this new park was released on Nov 21, 2003. The park is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary.

Anamudi Shola National Park provides valuable wildlife habitat connectivity between Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary, all of which surround this protected area. This national park forms part of the Anamalai sub-cluster, which was recently nominated for consideration for World Heritage Site status under UNESCO’s World Heritage Programme.

It is located very close to the Munnar hill station (40 km). The National Park is accessible from Kochi (160 km) and Coimbatore (150 km). The nearest railway station is at Aluva (150 km) in Kerala and Pollachi (100 km) in Tamil Nadu. The nearest town is at Munnar. 62 species of trees, 174 species of herbs and shrubs and 39 species of climbers are recorded from here. Among fauna, 100 species of butterflies and 232 species of moths belonging to 36 different families are recorded from here. 76 species of birds are also recorded from here. Tiger, Elephant, Gaur, Leopard, Sambar deer, Wild boar, Nilgiri langur and Giant squirrel are the common mammals seen here.



Pambadum Shola National Park

Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India. The park is administered by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary. The park adjoins the Allinagaram Reserved Forest within the proposed Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park.

The name´”Pampadum Shola” means, “the forest where the snake dances”, derived from three Tamil words, “paamp”, which means “snake”; “aattam”, means “dance”; and “cholai”, means “forest”. “Shola” may be considered as a mis-speller of “cholai”. The keystone species here is the highly elusive and endangered, endemic small carnivore – the Nilgiri marten. Leopards and Indian wild dogs are sometimes sighted at dusk or dawn, tigers are an important animal of the park. The Old Kodaikanal–Munnar Road nearby is closed due to the growing population of wildlife such as elephants, buffaloes gaur and Nilgiri langurs. Some notable birds found here include the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, white-bellied shortwing, vernal hanging parrot, blue rock-thrush, blue-capped rock-thrush and Nilgiri flycatcher, and black-and-orange flycatchers. 35 km away from the Munnar town in Idukki district, another prominent hill station in Kerala the Pambadum Shola is located in the eastern part of Southern Western Ghats of Kerala on the way to Vattavada. The region with its captivating beauty is fast becoming a favourite eco-tourism destination in Kerala. The green meadows, clear blue sky, clean air and the thick foliage are something irresistible for any tourist. Eco-tourism activities here are organized jointly by the Department of Forest and Eco-development Committees comprising members of the local tribal communities. This guarantees an authentic, secure and intimate experience of wilderness to the visitors.




Ranipuram Wildlife Sanctuary


Ranipuram Wildlife sanctuary is an accumulation of grassy hills, a bio-diversity hotspot near Panathady town and lies on the Kerala-Karnataka border. Ranipuram was previously known as Madathumala. The wildlife sanctuary is linked to Kanhangad by Kanhangad-Panathur state highway. The proposed wildlife sanctuary of Kanhangad consists of an assortment of flora and fauna that are common only to the Western Ghats. This biodiversity hotspot still remains unexplored completely and there is a lot to study around it. It merges with the Talacauvery wildlife sanctuary of Karnataka. Ranipuram hill station falls in Panathady reserve and is the only spot in the district were we can find the Shola forest. Sholas are patches of stunted evergreen tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest found in valleys amid rolling grassland in the higher mountain regions of south India.

The Ranipuram wildlife sanctuary is home to different species of animals including the elephants, leopards, deer, wild dogs, wild boars, macaques, jungle cats, leopard cats slender loris, porcupines, malabar giant squirrels, malabar civet cat, many species of birds, rare butterflies and medicinal plants. Ranipuram (ooty of kerala) is a hill station located with in Kasargod district. Kottancheri-Talacavery mountain range. It is located about 48 kilometres east of Kanhangad between the Panathur and Malom towns. by road ranipuram is accessible from Panathady at kanhangad-panathur state highway.Other trekking paths through dens forest are available from panathur,maruthom and Malom which needs permission from forest officers. There are two trekking routes available through the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests. Part of the way the climb is assisted by cut steps. The ambiance of the forest trail is remarkable and once you reach the “Mani” (grass covered hilltop) the view is superb. The undulating cloud-topped hills stretch up to the plains and ocean on the horizon. This is unexplored territory for the nature enthusiast and birdwatcher.



Attappadi Reserve Forest


Attappadi Reserve Forest is a protected area comprising 249 km² of land covering the westernmost part of the 745 km² Attappadi block of Mannarghat Taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala, south India. Attappadi is an extensive mountain valley at the headwaters of the Bhavani River nestled below the Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats. It is bordered to the east by Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu, on the north by the Nilgiris, south by the Palghat taluk and on the west by Karimba-I and II, Pottassery-I and II, and Mannarghat revenue villages of Mannarghat taluk of the Palghat District and Ernad taluk of the Malappuram district.

The 249 km² Attappadi Reserve Forest is an informal buffer zone bordering the Silent Valley National Park to the West. 81 km² of this forest was separated to become most of the new 94 km² Bhavani Forest Range which is part of the 147.22 km² Silent Valley Buffer Zone formally approved by the Kerala Cabinet on 6 June 2007. The elevation of Attappati valley ranges from 750 meters (2,460 ft) to the Malleswaram peak which rises to 1,664 meters (5,459 ft) from the center of the valley. The Bhavani River flows from the Northwest around the mountain in a tight bend past Attappadi village and continues to the Southeast.


Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary


The Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary lies in the Malappuram District of the state of Kerala in India. It spreads over a cluster of islands where the Kadalundipuzha River flows into the Arabian Sea. The Sanctuary hill is around 200 m above sea level. It is 19 km from Kozhikode city centre. The nearest airport is Karipur International Airport, Kozhikode. Over a hundred species of native birds have been recorded in the sanctuary, including about 60 species of migratory birds which visit seasonally; these include terns, gulls, herons, sandpipers and cormorants. Notable species are whimbrels and brahminy kites.

The sanctuary is well known for a wide variety of fish, mussels and crabs. Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary provides shelter and ideal conditions to a number of migratory birds. These birds include Terns, Gulls, Herons, Sandpipers and Cormorants, which arrive on this sanctuary in the month of November and return to their respective regions by the end of April. Some other important bird species in the sanctuary are Whimbrels and Brahminy Kites.

Apart from birds, there is considerable population of different varieties of fish, mussels and crabs in the sanctuary. The sight of thousands of colorful birds flocking to a region of 2 sq. km offer a rare and captivating moment for the visitors. There are boat facilities available for tourists to enjoy the breathtaking beauty of the lush green plantation and bird population of this sanctuary. These boats provides a great way to see turtles found here. The best season to visit this sanctuary is from December to April, since it is the season for migratory birds to stay in this wildlife sanctuary.





Exploring the beauty of wildlife sanctuaries in India has its own appeal. Whether the beasts or other beings of the jungles, watching them at their natural habitats has always been a delightful as well as speculating experience.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India have been extremely successful in conserving the wildlife of India. They are the ideal place to witness the imposing beauty of the forests and their endless range of wildlife.

Here is a list of some of the best national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India:

  1. Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand

Among all the national parks in India, the Corbett National Park is the oldest and one of the best among the top 10 national parks in India. It was established in 1936 to protect the imposing Bengal Tigers. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan range of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is one of the hot spots of the wildlife lovers.


This park has been named after the popular wildlife story writer Jim Corbett. Beauty and wilderness of this park attracts enthusiasts from various parts of the globe. This wildlife tourist destination of India has also been featured in many wildlife documentaries in order to raise the awareness towards the mighty and stunning Bengal Tigers.

  1. Kaziranga National Park, Assam

Kaziranga National Park is the only natural habitat of the endangered One-Horned Rhinos in India as well as in the world. Located in the Golaghat district of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries toexplore the wildlife of Northeast India. It is also a highly visited park among the top 10 national parks in India.

This park also boasts of its number of tigers and other wildlife species. Due to the noteworthy number of tigers, Kaziranga National Park has been declared as Tiger Reserve Forest in 2006. Other wildlife consists Elephants, Wild Buffaloes and Swamp Deer. The park also witnesses a large number of migratory birds during the winters.

  1. 3. Bandipur National Park, Karnataka




The Bandipur National Park is the most popular among all the national parks in South India. It is a natural home to Elephants and several other endangered species. Lush forest of the Deccan Plateau and the Western Ghats makes this park one of the beautiful parks  in India.  The park is located 80 km away from Mysore and almost 215 km away from Bangalore.


  1. 4. Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh


The Bandhavgarh National Park is another enticing name in the list of national parks of India. Located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, it is one of the largest national parks of Madhya Pradesh. Declared as a national park in 1968, this park has a noteworthy number of Tigers in India.


This park also has a significant number of Leopards and Deer. Among all the attractions of Bandhavgarh National Park, White Tigers are the most spectacular.

  1. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh


Kanha National Park is another sought after destination in the list of national parks of Madhya Pradesh. Established in the year 1955, this park has gained a lot of attention due to its efforts in saving the rare and almost extinct species of the Swamp Deer, also known as ‘Barasingha’. It is also one of the well-maintained parks in Asia.


The other feature of the Kanha National Park is its sunset point called Bamni Dadar. Almost the entire park can be seen from this point. It offers the most eye-catching views of the animals in their natural habitat.

  1. 6. Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary, Gujarat


The Gir National Park and the Sasan Gir Sanctuary of Gujarat are the only wildlife sanctuaries in India that have Asiatic Lions. October-June is the ideal time to visit the place and watch these majestic beasts strolling in their territories.


The park was established on 18th September 1965 and it is one of the largest and elegantly preserved areas for the Asiatic Lions. Rivers and streams flowing through this national park remain occupied by the dwellers of the park.

  1. Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Bharatpur, Rajasthan


Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of the man-made wetlands in India that has been declared as a National Park. It was formerly called as ‘Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary’.


This park hosts a large number of avifauna during the summers and is considered as one of the best national parks to observe exotic migratory birds and other birds of India. Located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, this park serves as a primary centre for ornithologists and other zoological studies.

  1. 8. Periyar National Park, Kerala


The Periyar National Park, Kerala is the only national park in South India as well as in India that has an artificial lake flowing through the forests. Located on the evergreen hills of the Western Ghats, this wildlife sanctuary is also one of the Tiger Reserve Forests in India.


While boating in the Periyar Lake, visitors can behold the mighty beasts of this park, quenching their thirsts on the lakesides. Elephants, Deer, Nilgiri Tahrs and Langurs are the other attractions of this park.

  1. Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh



While visiting the Pench National Park in Madhaya Pradesh, the childhood fantasy of most of the visitors will turns into reality. Rudyard Kipling’s ‘The Jungle Book’ is based on the natural surroundings of this national park; this park is also known as ‘Mowgli Land’.


While Tigers are the most dominant species of this park, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Barking Deer are some of the other attractions. With more than 170 species of birds, this park has also become one of the best places for birdwatchers.

  1. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan


The Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan, is one of the royal national parks in India. It is ranked as one of the top 10 wildlife sanctuaries in India.


The majestic Tigers are the pride of this national park. Surrounded by the Banas and Chambal River, this park serves as an ideal habitat for the predators and other animals of this park. Leopard, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Sambar and Hyena are some of the major animals found in this park.  Tiger Safaris are immensely popular among the visitors of Ranthambore National Park.

  1. Manas National Park, Assam


Considered as one of the youngest names in the list of National Parks in India, the Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam has a large number of rare and endangered species. Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hod are some of the most endangered species of this park.

This park boasts of its 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds and a substantial number of reptiles and amphibians. Asian Elephant, Indian Rhinoceros, Water Buffaloes, Leopard and Assamese Macaques are the other dwellers of this park. It is also one of the popular destinations for river rafting.

  1. Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka


Nagarhole National Park is located in Mysore district of Karnataka and is a popular destination for Tiger spotting. It is also known as ‘Rajiv Gandhi National Park’. With quite a large number of Tigers, this park also has a significant number of Indian Bison, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Elephant.


Forests of this park are extremely rich with several species of high commercial valued trees. Teak, Sandalwood and Silver Oak are the major trees found in this park. Along with the endangered Mugger Crocodile, this park also has more than 250 species of birds, 96 species of Dung Beetles and 60 species of Ants.

  1. 13. Sunderbans National Park


Sunderbans National Park is one of the largest and oldest in India. Located in the deltaic region of India, this park also shares its boundaries with Bangladesh. Covered with mangrove forests, Sundarbans is the original abode of the stunning Royal Bengal Tigers.


It has the highest number of Bengal Tigers than any other parks in the world. Salt-Water Crocodile can also be found in this park. Sundarbans is extremely rich in avifauna, aqua fauna and reptiles. Some of the other endangered species in this park are Gangetic Dolphin, River Terrapin, Hawks Bill Turtle and Mangrove Horseshoe Crab.

  1. Sariska National Park, Rajasthan


Sariska National Park is located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. Though it was declared as a Wildlife Reserve in 1955, due to the large number of Tigers within this park, it was later declared as one of the Tiger Reserve Forests in 1978.


Sariska National Park was the first national park in the world, which was successfully adapted by the majestic Royal Bengal Tigers as their natural habitat. Leopard, Jungle Cat, Stripped Hyena and Golden Jackal are also found in this national park.

[Check out Jeep Safari Of Sariska National Park]

  1. 15. Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh


The Dudhwa National Park, a part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, is situated in Uttar Pradesh. History of this park lies back into 1958, when it was declared as a wildlife sanctuary for Swamp Deer. Later, in 1978, it was declared as a Tiger Reserve due to its large number of tigers.


  1. Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh


Panna National Park is one of the best maintained National Parks of India. Declared as a Tiger Reserve Forest of India in 1994, this park suffered a heavy downfall in the number of Tigers due to poaching.


Among other animals found in this park, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar and Sloth Bear are found abundantly in this park. Bar-headed Goose and King Vultures are the most commonly found birds among the 200 species of its avifauna.

  1. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra


Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, a Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra is the oldest and the largest National Park in Maharashtra. Bengal Tigers, Leopards, Stripped Hyena and Jungle Cats are some of the commonly found carnivores of this park. Sloth Bears, Gaur, Nilgai and Spotted Deer are the herbivores.

Forests of this park always bear the green colour due to the geographical topography of the park’s location. Axle-wood, a fire-resistant species of trees can be commonly found in this park. Among the other species, Black Plum, Arjun and Palas are dominant.

  1. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala


After the Periyar National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala. This sanctuary is located on the Western Ghats and shares its border with Tamil Nadu on the Annamalai Hills. Among the 34 species of mammals found in this sanctuary, Panthers, Spotted Deer, Indian Elephant, Tiger and Nilgiri Tahr are the most spectacular.


It is also the dwelling of Mugger Crocodiles and more than 240 species of exotic birds. The presence of Thoovanam Waterfalls within the forests has made this sanctuary, one of the popular trekking and camping destinations in Kerala.

  1. The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh


The Great Himalayan National Park lies among the lush coniferous forests of and the snow-capped mountain peaks Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the high altitude national parks in India. While the location of this park is itself a stunning feature, the emerald meadows in some portions of the park makes it one of the stunning parks in India.

Snow Leopard, Himalayan Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Musk Deer and Himalayan Thar are the commonly found animals in this park. It also houses 181 species of birds, and many more species of reptiles, annelids, amphibians and insects.

  1. Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka


Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Karnataka. Located on the banks of the Kali River, it is one of the highly visited wildlife sanctuaries in India. Black Panther, Flying Squirrel, Tiger, Elephant and Leopard can be easily spotted in this sanctuary.


Among the wide range of amphibians, Crocodiles are the major attraction of this sanctuary. It is also an ideal place for river rafting, trekking, Bird watching, Tiger and Crocodile spotting.

  1. Silent Valley National Park, Kerala

Located in the Kundali Hills near to the Western Ghats, the Silent Valley National Park is a very popular wildlife sanctuary in India. Being amidst the Nilgiri, the Nilambur, the Palghat and the Attappadi Reserve Forests, this place renders a mesmeric panorama.

Based at a height of approximately 3600 ft above the water level, this national park is blessed with a variety of flora and fauna. It is an abode to around 150 species of birds, 200 species of butterflies and a 1000 species of blooming plants. The magnificent River Kunthi, flows through this park adding to its beauty and alluring more and more visitors.

One may spot a large number of rare species of birds like the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, Malabar parakeet, grey-headed bulbul, broad-tailed grassbird, rufous babbler, the white-bellied short wing and the great Indian hornbill. This place is also dominated by tigers, leopards, sambar, wild boars and gaur.

  1. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka

Enveloped by both dry and moist deciduous forests and also semi evergreen forests, the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is a must-visit place. This is the right place for travellers to experience and admire the wilderness and the miracles of nature.

It is an extensive habitat for an array of plants and animals. One of the most beloved attractions of this sanctuary is the Bhadra River. It is a hub for the wildlife explorers and photographers. Adventurers must indulge in the wildlife safari at this park and witness the diversity of God’s creations


There are a number of animals like bison, gaur, leopard, elephant, tiger, sambar, boar, chital, deer, porcupine and muntjac. The bird kingdom here is also endowed with a variety of species like emerald dove, southern green imperial pigeon, great black woodpecker, malabar parakeet and hill myna. The woods are also a dwelling for the dreadful Indian rock pythons and king cobras.

  1. Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand


Witness approximately 49 species of mammals like the Asian elephants, Bengal tigers, leopards, Himalayan black bear, barking deer, wild boar, goral, Rhesus macaques, yellow throated martin and many more at the Rajaji National Park. Based at the foothills of Himalayas this park is a heaven on earth and one amongst the most stunning wildlife sanctuaries in India.

It encompasses the a diversity of tropical and sub tropical woods like Sal forests,  Riverine forests, scrub forests, grasslands and subtropical pine forests. The exquisiteness of the wilds along with the chilled climate magnetises innumerable travellers and has also made the Rajaji National Park an adored getaway.

There are around 315 species of birds like the great pied hornbills, Himalayan pied kingfishers, pea fowls, woodpeckers, pheasants, barbets, and fire tailed sunbirds and many more. Be in awe of the 60 species of butterflies which come from eight families at the park. The most excellent time to visit this place is during the months of December to March. Also enjoy bird watching and wildlife safaris from November to February.

  1. Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa

The Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Mollem, a town in Goa. Located in the midst of the Western Ghats this sanctuary is enveloped by picturesque forests. This is one of those wildlife sanctuaries in India that possesses both historical and geographical significance.

It is a hub for bird watchers as it’s bestowed with diverse flora and fauna. This sanctuary is a cosy home for a number of animals that include the gaur, sambar, leopards, spotted Deer, slender toris, jungle cats, Malayan giant squirrels, pythons and cobras.

There is a Devil’s Canyon Viewpoint from where one can easily admire the wildlife at this park. The perfect time to explore this sanctuary is either early in the morning or late in the evening.

  1. Hemis National Park, Jammu and Kashmir


Being situated at an elevation that ranges approximately from 3300 M to 6000 M above the sea level, the Hemis National Park is known as the Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary. According to a declaration the Hemis National Park is considered to be the highest park all over the world.

A variety of alpine trees like anemone, gentiana, lloydia and a variety of steppe trees like caragana, artemisia, stachys and ephedra envelope and beautify this park. The sanctuary shelters animals like snow leopards, Ibex, shapu, bharal and many more.

There are about 16 mammalian species and 73 species of birds. An assortment of wildlife is seen at this park which includes around 73 species of birds like the snow cock, chukor, magpie, Himalayan whistling thrush, great grey shrike, red mantled rose finch, etc.

Note: We have included National Parks in this list since there is a fine difference between a wildlife sanctuary and a national park.





10 of the best animal sanctuaries to visit around the world


More ethical than zoos, sanctuaries offer a chance to see animals in more natural and comfortable surroundings. They also make a great stop on a travelling trip and some rescue centres have even been founded by former travellers. Here are ten inspirational not-for-profit animal sanctuaries that promise an educational, interesting and uplifting visit. Many of these centres are also actively seeking volunteers, which might be an option for those looking for a more rewarding travel experience.

Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Brisbane, Australia

Founded in 1927, the Lone Pine sanctuary, Brisbane is the world’s oldest and largest Koala rescue centre. It’s also one of the very few places where you can hold a koala for a fee. A beautiful natural woodland reserve, the popular sanctuary generously offers a home to other animals including kangaroos, native Australian birds and platypus. You’ll also probably be surprised to see how fast the koalas move when the gum tree leaves are brought out at lunchtime.

Chengdu Moonbear Rescue Centre, China


UK ex-pat Jill Robinson MBE  founded the Animals Asia Foundation when she discovered how thousands of Asiatic black bears were being raised in factory farm conditions on Chinese bear bile farms (the bile is sold for use in traditional medicines). After years of tireless campaigning, the rescue centre was established in 2000 following an unprecedented agreement with the Chinese authorities to release 500 farmed bears. The sanctuary is open to the public and visitors travel for miles to see the bears experience freedom after spending decades in tiny crush cages.

Sepilok orangutan sanctuary, Borneo

Only a few travellers leave Borneo without visiting the famous Sepolik Rehabilitation Centre and when seeing photos of the impossibly cute residents it’s easy to see why. The sanctuary was founded in 1964 to rehabilitate orphaned orangutans which were mainly victims of the illegal pet trade and logging industry. The large virgin rainforest reserve is home to around 60 to 80 orangutans and they are trained to survive in the wild again and released as soon as they are ready. Visitors are welcomed to the centre but handling of the animals is strictly forbidden. A good tip is to time your visit around feeding time.

Boon Lott’s Elephant Sanctuary (BLES), Thailand


BLES located in Sukhothai, Northern Thailand was founded by English animal lover Katherine Connor after she travelled across Asia. During her time spent volunteering at a Thai elephant hospital she formed a very strong bond with a premature baby elephant. Instead of finishing her travels she decided to stay in Thailand to rescue her new friend from being sold to a notorious animal tourist show. After the elephant sadly passed away Katherine sold her possessions in England and with the help of her now husband (a Thai elephant handler) set up Boon Lott’s Elephant Sanctuary in his memory. All the elephants at Boon Lott have been rescued from abuse or mistreatment and visitors enjoy a chance to interact with the elephants in a peaceful and secluded location. Staying guests are asked to be involved in all aspects of sanctuary life ranging from collecting food from the jungle to repairing pens.

Noah’s Ark, Georgia, USA


Noah’s Ark is a unique facility located in the US state of Georgia. It provides a home for abused, unwanted and orphaned children as well as animals. The centre is run entirely on donations and is open to the public. Guests arrive to visit the children and see the collection of over a thousand animals ranging from the very large and exotic to the very small and domesticated. Three of their furry resident’s have also made worldwide news. Baloo the bear, Leo the lion and Shere Khan the tiger have formed an unlikely and unusually strong bond after being rescued in a drug’s raid when they were just 2 months old. The predators (who would be enemies if they were ever to meet in the wild) are housed together and curious visitors travel from all over the US to see their affectionate friendship first hand.

Animal Kingdom, Philippines



The Animal Kingdom Foundation has a centre based in the Philippines which rescues dogs from the meat trade and a pretty gruesome fate. The charity was formed after a month long surveillance by animal advocates Greg S. Quimpo and Veterinarian Samaniego and they now work to fight against the illegal meat trade after realising thousands of dogs in the Philippines get caught up in it every day. They set up a no-profit, no-kill dog shelter dedicated to saving abandoned, neglected, abused and slaughter-bound dogs. They welcome animal loving visitors and the dogs are also available for adoption to good homes.

The Donkey Sanctuary, Devon, UK


The Sidmouth donkey sanctuary is an English national treasure and a popular family day out. It was founded by Dr Elisabeth Svendsen MBE when her donkey enthusiasm turned into a full blown rescue centre when she saw some ill treated donkeys at nearby Exeter market. Slade House Farm was purchased to house her fast growing family of four legged friends and since then 12,500 donkeys have passed through the sanctuary’s doors. Admission is free and many people come to see the previously neglected or abused donkey’s living happily in the picturesque Devonshire countryside.

The Vervet Monkey Foundation, South Africa

The Vervet Monkey Foundation in Tzaneen, South Africa is home to nearly 700 orphaned, injured, ex-laboratory or unwanted pet monkeys. The sanctuary (established in 1993) is a 23-hectare rescue, educational and rehabilitation centre as well as being a popular tourist attraction. Volunteers are welcomed from all over the world and accommodation and plenty of Vervet monkey interaction is offered in return for help with everyday activities.


Two major animal charities helped fund a sanctuary for ex dancing bears in Agra, North India which is located just a few kilometres north of the famous Taj Mahal. The initiative was such a success that by the end of 2009 many of the dancing bears forced to dance on the streets of India for entertainment had been rescued. After their harsh and often brutal treatment the bears recover in large enclosures complete with freshwater bathing pools, climbing frames and other tools of environmental enrichment. Visitors are welcomed by appointment and guests speak of the enjoyment of seeing the naturally playful bears in their new comfortable surroundings.

          The Best Friends Animal Sanctuary, Utah, USA

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The Best Friends Animal Sanctuary is located in 33,000 acres of exceptionally beautiful Utah landscape. One of America’s best known animal welfare groups, it was founded in the late 1980’s as an alternative to the ‘kill’ shelters in the US. The sanctuary now houses 1,700 displaced, homeless or unwanted domestic animals ranging from dogs to pot-bellied pigs. Best Friends is also very popular with visitors and volunteers who can’t seem to get enough of the great scenery and interaction with its often adorable residents.



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   River-shore cities are inevtable parts of any psc examinations.Go through the below given details two or three times, and then study so seriously it.If you look at the psc question papers,you clearly seen it .Or evaluate the psc question papers in all the years that can be understood.Study it and get and capture how  marks from river-shore.River-shore is the treasury of psc examination marks and also shore is place of making rank-holders of psc.

Details of Rivers and Rivers-shore Cities in India

     Rivers have vital role in the life of human beings.They develop and prosper under the shadow of rivers.There are number of prospered river-shore cities in the world.People are very much interested to live near side of river as it is better for cultivation ,irrigation of their agricultural products.Moreover the river side places will not affect much drought.So the river is the symbol of prosperity of people.Differant types of cultures are formed from river valley.River-shore cities of India make a major contribution in the agricultural sector of India.The following are the main river-shore cities in India and that  can be seen in Rivers in Indian map.Those who are study the rivers in India it is very helpful the rivers in Indian map.

  • Agra-Yamuna
  • Ahamadabad-Sabarmathi
  • Ayodya-Sarayu
  • Badarinath-Alakananda
  • Kolkatha-Hoogly
  • Kattack-Mahanadi
  • Delhi-Yamuna
  • Firospure-Satlej
  • Guwahathi-Brahmaputra
  • Haridwar-Ganga
  • Hyderabad-Moosi
  • Jabalpur-Narmada
  • Kanpur-Ganga
  • Kotta-Chambal
  • Lucknow-Gomati
  • Ludiyana-Satlej
  • Nasik-Godavari
  • Pantna-Ganga
  • Sambalpur-Mahanadi
  • Sreenagar-Tchalam
  • Thiruchirapally-Kaveri
  • Varanasi-Ganga
  • Viyavada-Krishna




      Rivers in  india is having a big role in the agricultural and economic sector of the country.Some rivers have cultural importance .In Rivers in Indian map some rivers are holy for the people.For Example Ganges .All the major rivers of Indian map,  origin their journeys at one of the water shed.The Himalaya and Karakoran Mountain Range  Northern India,The Sahyadri of the western ghat (Western India  or the Vidhya and Satpura Mountain range Central India Most of the major river of India end up joining the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea.Among the details given below longest and shortest rivers in Indian map can be seen.Just below is given particularly about our holy rivers in Indian map.




Ganga is the sacred river of India and it is known in the world as the basis of Hindhu beliefs.16 important rivers is having in both Ganga and Indus basin 10 Rivers in Ganga and 6 rivers in Indus basin .In the following,list of rivers of in the river map of India is included.Those who want to know about the detailed pictures or list of Indian river ,following details are very helpful.It is also given the rivers in Indian map along with their origin and also their length and their end points.In it longest and shortest river is also included for the  reference.

The Important River system of Ganga including Damodar and Hoogly and their details are given below(10 River basin)


Length (KM)



Ganga 2,525 Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal
Yamuna 1,376 Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
Brahmaputra 1,800 Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
Chambal 960 Tributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh Joins Yamuna river in UP
Son 784 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
Gandak 630 Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam) Joins Ganga near Patna
Kosi 720 Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
Betwa 590 Tributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
Gomti 900 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
Ghaghra 1080 Himalayan Glacier in tibet, tributary of Ganga Joins Ganga in Bihar
Hugli (Hooghly) 260 Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
Damodar 592 Tributary of Hugli near Chandwar, Jharkhand Merges with Hugli in West Bengal

Hoogly and Damodar are very important river system in India but they are not given as much importance as Ganga.They are helpful in shaping the culture of people also

The Indus River system include 6 important rivers and their details are given


Length (KM)



Indus 3180 Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K Merges into Arabina sea near Sindh
Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merges with Indus
Jhelum 725 Tributary of Chenub river, Punjab Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
Ravi 720 Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh Joins Chenab in Pakistan
Sutlej 1500 Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
Beas 470 Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India


Western Ghat Rivers: 


Length (KM)



Kaveri 765 Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka Ends in Bay of Bengal
Krishna 1400 Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
Godavari 1465 Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states Empties in Bay of Bengal
Tungabhadra 531 Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh


Vindhya and Satpura Rivers:


Length (KM)



Tapti 724 Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh Empties into Gulf of Khambat, Gujarat
Mahi 580 Rises in Madhya Pradesh Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
Narmada 1315 Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay



Other important points to be remembered about Rivers in India map.

River Hindu Saraswati is mythical riverand is part of Hindu Triveni Sangamam mythology of confluence of Ganga,Yamuna and Saraswati  Saraswati River thought to be flowing under the earth and meeting Ganga and Yamuna at the  Kumb Mela spot.

Meghna a major river in Bengladesh is tributary of Indian  Brahmaputra River and also empties in Bay of Bengal

River Tapi is river in Thailand and not to be confused with Indian river Tapti

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Details of Rivers of Certain States included in the rivers map of India


Details of Rivers in the rivers map of Keralam

There are 44 rivers in the rivers map of Keralam  ,all but three originating in the ghats. 41 of them flow westward and 3 eastward. The rivers of Kerala are small, in terms of length, breadth and water discharge. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. All the rivers are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them shrink into rivulets or dry up completely during summer.

West flowing rivers in the rivers map of Keralam

This is a list of the westward-flowing rivers of Kerala state in southern India, in the order of length, and their tributaries. These rivers all originate in the Western Ghats range and flow westward into the Kerala Back water  or into the Arabian. Length in kilometers is in parentheses.Study all these you can answer most of the river related questions of Kerala appearing for PSC Examinations.In the following details west flowing rivers in the river map of Keralam along their length and their branches are given.It was very notable points in rivers of Kerala.Helpful to give a precise knowledge about the rivers of Kerala

  1. Periyar(244)Periyar
    1. Edamalayar
    2. Cheruthoni River
    3. Mullayar River
    4. Muthirapuzha River
    5. Perinjankutti River
  2. Bharatapuxha River(209)
    1. Thuthapuzha
    2. Gayatripuzha
    3. Kalpathipuzha
    4. Kannadipuzha
  3. Pamba River(176)
    1. Azhuthayar
    2. Kakkiyar
    3. Kakkattar
    4. Kallar
    5. Perunthenaruvi
    6. Madatharuvi
    7. Thanungattilthodu
    8. Kozhithodu
    9. Varattar
    10. Kuttemperoor
  4. Chaliyar River(169)
    1. Cherupuzha (Mavoor)
    2. Iruvanjippuzha
    3. Cherupuzha (Areekode)
    4. Kuthirappuzha
    5. Kuruvanpuzha
    6. Kanjirappuzha
    7. Karimpuzha
    8. Pandippuzha
    9. Neerppuzha
  5. Chalakudy River(169)
    1. Parambikulam River
  6. Kadalundy River(130)
  7. Achankoil River(128)
  8. Kallada River(121)
  9. Muvattupuzha River(121)
  10. Valapattanam River(110)
  11. Chandragiri River(105)
  12. Manimala River(90)
  13. Vamanapuram River(88)
  14. Kuppam River(88)
  15. Meenachil River(78)
  16. Kuttiyadi River(74)
  17. Karamana River(68)
  18. Shiriya River(68)
  19. Kariangode River(64)
  20. Ithikkara River(56)
  21. Neyyar River(56)
  22. Mahé River(54)
  23. Kechery River(51)
  24. Perumba River(51)
  25. Uppala River(50)
  26. Karuvannur River(48)
  27. Anjarakandy River(48)
  28. Tirur River(48)
  29. Neeleshwaram River(46)
  30. Pallikkal River(42)
  31. Kallayi River(40)
  32. Korapuzha River(40)
  33. Mogral River(34)
  34. Kavvai puzha River(31)
  35. Thanikkudam River(29)
  36. Mamam River(27)
  37. Thalassery River(28)
  38. Chithari River(25)
  39. Ramapuram River(19)
  40. Ayiroor River(17)
  41. Manjeswaram River(16)

East flowing rivers

There are three rivers rise in Kerala and flow eastwards, Kabini into Karnataka and the other two into Tamilnadu.In PSC Examination points of view these rivers in Kerala is very important.It has its own place and importance  in the rivers map of Kerala

Kabani (57)

  1. Bhavani(38)
  2. Pambar(25)


Important Rivers of certain States included in the Rivers map of India



Details of Rivers of Karnataka

The rivers in Karnataka are a source of water for drinking and household purposes. They are integral to agriculture, a source of hydro power and used for transportation in certain areas. In some instances, they are also vital for the tourism industry in the state. Many rivers, both east-flowing and west-flowing, are found within the boundaries of Karnataka.

Most of the rivers originate in the Western Ghats and runs towards the eastern side of the state. These are some of the

The rivers in the Western Ghats that generally flow westward meet the Arabian Sea after a short run varying from 50 kilometres to 300 kilometres.  These rivers are very steep in the upper reaches and fairly steep in the middle reaches. Near the sea, they have relatively flat gradients and a mild flood plain.


East-flowing Rivers In Karnataka

      The Kaveri (or the Cauvery) is the largest river in the state and originates from the district of Coorg. It is often called the Dakshina Ganga (the Ganges of the South) and considered one of the sacred rivers of India. Talakaveri, the origin of the River Kaveri, is a famous pilgrimage and tourist spot set amidst Bramahagiri Hills nearMadikeri in Coorg. The tributaries of the Kaveri include:

The Ghataprabha begins in the Western Ghats and flows eastwards and joins the river Krishna. The river forms the well-known Gokak Falls in Belgaum District.

The Malaprabha rises in Western Ghats in Belgam district. The river flows first in easterly and then in north-easterly directions and joins the Krishna at Kudalasangama.

The Bhima originates in the forest of Bhimashankar in Pune, and flows through the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It joins the Krishna near Kudlu in Raichur taluk.

The Manjra, a tributary of the river Godavari, originates in the Bala Ghat range in Karnataka.

The North Pennar or the Uttara Pinakini and the South Pennar originate in Nandi hills of Kolar district.

The Palar begins in Talagavara in Kolar district and runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu.

West-flowing Rivers in Karnataka

  • The Sharavathi originates at Ambuthirtha in Thirthahalli Taluk, flows north-west through the Western Ghats. It forms the famous Jog Falls before joining the Arabian Sea at Honavara.
  • The Mandavi originates in the Western Ghats in Belgaum and flows through Karnataka and Goa.
  • The Kalinadi originates in Bidi village in the Western Ghats.
  • The Gangavalli starts in the Western Ghats south of Dharwad.
  • The Aghanashini begins in the Western Ghats near Sirsi.

The other west-flowing rivers, which run through Karnataka, are the Chakra Nadi, the Varahi, the Netravathy, and the Barapole.

List of Rivers in Orissa in the Rivers map of India


Orissa is a magnificent place that offers several options to the foreign visitors. Lakes, waterfall and rivers has it all. Among others, the Lakes and Rivers in Orissa are popular sites of tourist interest. There are so many rivers inside Odisha. These are given below.

  • Baitarani River
  • Bhargavi River
  • Bhede River
  • Brahmani River
  • Budhabalanga River
  • Chitroptala river
  • Daya River
  • Devi River
  • Dhamra River
  • Kadua River
  • Kathajodi River
  • Kharkai River
  • Koina River
  • Kosala River
  • Kushabhadra River
  • Mahanadi River
  • Malaguni River
  • Nagavali River
  • Kolab River
  • Rushikulya
  • Tel River
  • Subarnarekha River
  • Vamsadhara River

List of Rivers of Punjab


The word Punjab is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. It is named so because of the five rivers flowing through this land and these five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. The third river Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundary of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan. The other two rivers Chenab and Jhelum flows in the Punjab state in Pakistan. All these five rivers are tributaries of Indus river. All these five rivers finally merge into Indus river directly or indirectly and the Indus then terminates into Arabian Sea near Karachi city in Pakistan. These rivers, including the Indus river are considered part of Indus Valley River System.

Greeks referred to this region as Pentapotamia, an inland delta of five converging rivers. This name was given to the region as five rivers of Punjab converge together to form the Indus river.
In the Indian mythological texts Puranas and Mahabharata, this region is named as Pancha-Nada which also means land of five rivers.
Do you know that before the arrival of Aryans in India, Punjab used to be known with the name Sapat Sindhu. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers. These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati (mythological river) and Sindhu.

List of Five Rivers of Punjab

A list of five rivers of Punjab with details like place of origin, its path, tributaries of each river, merging with the other rivers or ocean and other important details are given below:

  1. Sutlej
  2. Beas
  3. Ravi
  4. Chenab
  5. Jhelum

The following table shows a summary of all the five rivers of Punjab:

River Name Length (In KM) Place of Origin Terminates In
Sutlej 1500 Rakshastal lake in Tibet Chenab river
Beas 470 Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district
Ravi 720 Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh Chenab river
Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merge with Sutlej and forms Panjnad river, which flows into Indus river
Jhelum 725 Verinag spring in Kashmir Chenab river



Sutlej (or Satluj) is the eastern most tributary of Indus river. Its sanskrit name is Shatadru. The source of origin is Rakshastal Lake in Tibet. Some geologists consider the source as Mansrover lake. The two lakes Manasrover and Rakshastal are very huge lakes in Tibet region and close to each other. The water of Mansrover lake overflows into Rakshastal lake. The river enters India in Himachal Pradesh and then enters Ropar district of Punjab. The river Beas merges with it at Harike in Tarn Taran district. It unites with Chenab river near Uch Sharif in Pakistan, forming the Panjnad river. The Panjnad river merges with the Indus river at a distance of 100 Km from Bahawalpur city in Pakistan. The total length of Sutlej is around 1500 Km. This is the longest river of Punjab.
Bhakra Dam is one of the biggest dams in India and its reservoir Gobind Sagar Lake is the second largest reservoir in India in terms of water storage capacity. Nangal Dam, Karcham Wangtoo Dam, Nathpa Jhakri Dam are the other main dams on this river.


Beas is named Arjikiya in vedas and ancient name in sanskrit is Vipasa. Beas river originates from Beas Kund (also called Vyas Kund) in Himalaya mountains in Himachal Pradesh. It enters Punjab in Hoshiarpur district. The total length of the river is approximately 470 Km and terminates by merging with Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district of Punjab. Pong dam and Pandoh dam are the two main dams built on this river. Pong Dam, also called as Maharana Partap Sagar, is located in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. Pandoh dam is located in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh and it diverts the waters of Beas river to Sutlej river.


Vedic name of Ravi is Purushini and its name is Iravati in sanskrit. Ravi river rises in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh and enters into Punjab in Pathankot district. The river flows along the international border of India and Pakistan separating the Gurdaspur and Amritsar districts of Punjab from Pakistan. It flows for a total length of around 720 Km and finally terminates by merging with Chenab river near Ahmadpur Sial town in Pakistan. Major dams on this river are Ranjit Sagar dam (or Thein Dam), Shahpur Kandi dam, Chamera dam, Karcham dam and Kaushalya dam.


This river is known with the name Askani in Vedas and its sanskrit name is Chandrabahga. Chenab river starts in upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It then flows through the Jammu region in Jammu and Kashmir state and enters into Punjab state in Pakistan. The river does not flow through the today’s state of Punjab in India. The total length of this river is around 960 Km. The river Jhelum join it at Trimmu and then Ravi joins it near Ahmedpur Sial. It then merges with Sutlej to form the Panjnad river. The Panjnad river then merge with the Indus river which terminates by flowing into the Arabian Sea.


The vedic and sanskrit name of Jhelum is Vitasta. Jhelum river originates through Verinag Spring located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The place is located in Verinag, around 80 Km distance from Srinagar. It is the western most of the five rivers of Punjab and is a tributary of Chenab river. The river flows through Jammu and Kashmir state in India and then enters Punjab state in Pakistan. It does not flow through state of Punjab in India, neither touches its boundry at any place. The total length of the river is around 725 Km and it terminates into Chenab river near Trimmuin   Jhang district.

Doab Regions In Punjab The area between two rivers is called Doab. This word is made of two persian words “Do” meaning two and “Ab” meaning water or river. So according to the rivers flowing in this region, the area is divided into various Doab which are named according to the name of rivers that form a particular doab. The name of these Doab regions are given below:

  • Bist Doab – The area between Beas and Sutlej rivers is called Bist Doab. The region is also called as Jullundhar Doab, after the name of major city of Jullundhar or Jalandhar in this region. This is also called as “Doaba” and “Doabi” dialect of Punjabi language is the main spoken language of this area. Punjab state is divided into three regions Majha,Malwa,and Doaba  according to the language and culture.
  • Bari Doab – The area enclosed between Beas and Ravi rivers is called Bari doab. This is part of the Majha region of Punjab. Majhi dialect of Punjabi language is the main spoken language of this area.
  • Rechna Doab – This is the area between Ravi and Chenab rivers. This area is in Punjab province in Pakistan. This is also part of Majha region.
  • Jech Doab – This is the area between Jhelum river and Chenab river and named so as of combination of names of these two rivers. This is also part of Majha region.
  • Sind Sagar Doab – This is the area between Jhelum and Indus (also called Sind) rivers.

River-shore cities&Rivers of the world


The main four river valley civilizations are India,China,Egypt,and Mesopotamia.They are all near the big rivers.That is they are rivershore cities.Name of some river valley civilization originates in the river-shore cities are-

Nile River Valley,Indus river valley,Tigris-Euphrates river valley,The Huang-He River valley etc.

Main River-shore cities in the world

  1. Bagdad-Tigris
  2. Belgrade-Danub
  3. Berlin-Spreen
  4. Hamberg-Elb
  5. Lahore-Ravi
  6. Ghartoom-Nile
  7. Lisbon-Tagus
  8. New York-Hudson
  9. Paris-Seine
  10. London-Thames
  11. Ragoon-Iravati
  12. Rome-Tiber
  13. Vienna-Danub
  14. Warsa-Visthula
  15. Washington-Potomak
  16. Alexandria-Nile
  17. Armsterdam-Armsel
  18. Ankara-Kisil
  19. Bon-Rine
  20. Karachi-Sindhu

10 Most Important Rivers in the World





Rivers have been very useful to men in all parts of the world since prehistoric times. They provide a source of drinking water, for obtaining food, to fertilize lands and way to transport goods from place to place. Rivers also provide an important habitat for wildlife. They play an essential  in the ecology of rainforest and wetlands. A list of the most important rivers in the river map of World is given.These rivers in river map of world is very much important in psc Examination point of view.That is get the rank mark for psc  from the river!HoW!!!

1Amazon River

At approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, just slightly shorter than the Nile although reputable sources disagree as to the exact length of the two rivers. What is certain is that the Amazon is the largest river in the world by volume, with a total river flow that accounts for approximately one-fifth of the world’s total. The Amazon and its tributaries flow through Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Brazil before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.

The Amazon has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and new species are still being discovered. Along with the Orinoco River, it is one of the main habitats of the Amazon River Dolphin, the largest species of river dolphin, which can grow to lengths of up to 2.6 meters (8.5 feet). The bull shark has been reported 4,000 km (2,500 mi) up the Amazon River at Iquitos in Peru. Another dangerous fish in the Amazon is the notorious piranha which congregates in large schools, though only a few species are known to attack humans.


The Nile is the longest river in the world, stretching north for 6,650 km (4,132 miles) from East Africa to the Mediterranean. The Nile has two major tributaries, the White Nile and Blue Nile. The White Nile rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa while the Blue Nile starts at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

The river provided a crucial role in the development of the Egyptian civilization. Silt deposits from the Nile makes the surrounding land extremely fertile because the river overflows its banks annually and the Egyptians were able to cultivate wheat and other crops. The Nile was also an important part of the ancient Egyptian spiritual life. The god named Hapy was the deification of the annual floods, and both he and the pharaoh were thought to control the flooding of the Nile.

3Yangtze River

One of the most important rivers in the world, the Yangtze River is the longest river in China, and the third-longest in the world. The river is about 6300 km long (3915 miles) and originates in a glacier lying on the eastern part of the Tibetan plateau. It passes through the spectacular Yangtze Gorges, which are noted for their natural beauty, and flows into the East China Sea. One of the dams on the river, the Three Gorges Dam, is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.

The river is one of the world’s busiest waterways. Traffic includes commercial traffic transporting bulk goods such as coal as well as manufactured goods and passengers. River cruises several days long, especially through the beautiful and scenic Three Gorges area, are also popular.


The Danube is one of the most important rivers in Europe and the continent’s second longest river after the Volga. The river was one of the long standing frontiers of the Roman Empire and today forms a part of the borders of 10 European countries. It originates in the Black Forest in Germany and flows eastwards for a distance of some 2850 km (1771 miles), passing through 4 capitals, before emptying into the Black Sea. Since the completion of the German Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in 1992, the river has been part of a trans-European waterway from the black sea all the way to Rotterdam on the North Sea.



The 2,510 km (1,560 miles) Ganges originates in the western Himalayas in India, and drains into the Sunderbans delta in the Bay of Bengal. It has long been considered a holy river by Hindus and worshiped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has also been important historically: many former provincial or imperial capitals have been located on its banks.

Situated on the banks of Ganges, Varanasi is considered by some to be the holiest city in Hinduism. Hindus scatter ashes of loved ones in the river and some believe life is incomplete without taking a bath in the Ganges at least once. Because the Ganges is such an important river it has been declared India’s National River.

6Mekong River

The Mekong river is the 12th longest river in the world with an estimated length of 4,350 km (2,703 miles),. From the Tibetan Plateau this river runs through China’s Yunnan province, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. The river is difficult to navigate due to the extreme seasonal variations in flow and the presence of rapids and waterfalls. The Mekong basin is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world which is only surpassed by the Amazon. Since the building of the first Chinese dam however, many species have become endangered including the Mekong dolphin and manatee.


The 3,540 km- (2,200 mile-) long Zambezi river is the fourth-longest river in Africa. The river rises in a black wetland in north-western Zambia and flows through Angola, along the borders of Namibia, Botswana, Zambia again, and Zimbabwe, to Mozambique, where it empties into the Indian Ocean. The Zambezi’s most spectacular feature is the beautiful Victoria Falls.

The river supports large populations of many animals. Hippopotamuses are abundant along most of the calm stretches of the river, and many crocodiles are also present. The Zambezi also supports several hundred species of fish including large species. The bull shark for example has been found far inland. It is an aggressive shark which has been responsible for several attacks on humans.


The Volga is the longest river in Europe and one of Russia’s most important rivers. Out of the 20 largest cities of Russia, 11, including its capital Moscow, are situated in the Volga’s drainage basin. It originates at an elevation of only 225 meter (740 feet) in the Valday Hills northwest of Moscow and discharges 3,645 km further (2,266 miles) into the Caspian Sea. The Volga is of great importance to inland shipping and transport in Russia even though the river freezes for most of its length for three months each year.

9Mississippi River

Mississipi river is the largest river system in the United States and North America.Its length is about 2320 miles or 3730 Kilometres.The River originates at Lake Itasca and empties below New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico.This river along with its tributary the Missouri River , drains all the 31 US states. The famous Steamboats entered trade in the 1820s. Cotton, timber and food were transported down the river. After the arrival of the railroads in the 1880s steamboat traffic diminished although they remained a feature until the 1920s. A few steamboats, such as the Delta Queen, have e survived as icons.

10Sepik River

The Sepik River is the longest river on New Guinea.The River originates in the victor Emanuel Range in the central highlands of Papua New Guinea.. For most of the Sepiks length the river winds in serpentile fashion,like the Amazon River,to the Bismark sea.Unlike many other large rivers ,Sepik has no delta whatsoever ,but flows straight in sea.Total length of river is 1126 Kilometres.That is 700 miles.There are no settlement of great size along the Sepic River.The isolation of the rivers small tribal groups has given rise to one of the most original and extensive artistic tradition .It is one of the last remaining undisturbed environments in the world




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 Parliaments of Different Countries –Questions Surely appearing in PSC Examinations

The parliament of differant countries may be the turning point of our life, How?That may be the rank making points in our life and get the job Such a way that become our life savior.Study this, get one marks in psc exam,get or not that depends on your coaching on this.Any way sleep on it to become the actual life saviour


  1. Afghanistan-Jirga

  2. Bengladesh-Jathiya Sangsath

  3. Bhootan-Shogdu

  4. China-National Peoples Congress

  5. Cuba-National Assemblies of Power

  6. Denmark-Folketting

  7. Finland-Eduskunta

  8. Germany-Bundastag

  9. Lathwiya-Sayma

  10. Iceland-Althing

  11. Indonesia-Peoples Consultative Assembly

  12. Croasia-Sabore

  13. Iran-Majlis

  14. Israel-Nesset

  15. Jappan-Diet

  16. Maldives-Majlis

  17. Netherland-Staten-General

  18. Norway-Storting

  19. Russia-Federal Assembly

  20. Spain-Corts Generals

  21. Sweeden-Ricksdag

  22. United States-Congress

  23. Greece-Hellenic Parliament

  24. South Korea-Guko

  25. Neppal-Sansad

  26. Thailand-Rathasabha

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50 psc questions on Independent Struggles in the various parts of the world

 In various parts of the world independent struggles are occurring from time to time.They are succeeded.These sorts of questions plays important role in the psc examinations.Study all this to avoid feelings in psc examination hall.If you are not study this surely you will be felt in the psc examination hall.Study means, your register number will have in psc examination results.These are evergreen psc questions

  1. Name the country celebrates independence day on August 15 otherthan India

    Ans:Republic of Konko

  2. Name the Asian contry celebrates August 15 as ‘Vimochan Din’

    Ans:South Korea

  3. In which day Pakistan celebrates as Independence day

    Ans:August 14

  4. Name the country celebrates Republic Day of January 26 as ‘Deseeya din’


  5. Americans Independence day

    Ans:July 4

  6. Name the country which got freedom from Ethopia in 1991


  7. Name the Great country from which more number countries got independence


  8. The first African country got independence from the Colonial Rule


  9. Who led the Independent struggle of Ghana

    Ans:Quami Encruma

  10. Who led the Independent struggle of Kenia

    Ans:Jomo Keniatha

  11. In which place ‘Mouw,Mouw Mutiny’ started against Britain in 1952


  12. The Negroes established African country liberated from the slavery of America


  13. The Indian origin National Father of Mouritius

    Ans:Shivu Sagar Ramkulam

  14. Name the coutry where the organization SWAPO led the Independent struggle


  15. Who led the Independent struggle of Namibia

    Ans:Sam Nujoma

  16. The discriminating policy adopted by the administration led White People towards Negroes


  17. The year in which The African National Congress formed ,plays the key roles in the freedom struggle of South Africa


  18. Name the armed force of African National Congress

    Ans:Sphere of the nation

  19. Where is headquarters of African National Congress in Johannasberg

    Ans:Luthuli House

  20. In which year the first general election of South Africa conducted with the participation of all category of people


  21. The freedom fighter who is known as the national father of Tansania

    Ans:Julius Nerera

  22. Who is known as t ‘Africayude Manasakshi Sooshippukaran’

    Ans:Julius Nerera

  23. In which place the ‘Magi,Magi Riot’against the German ruler


  24. Who is known as African Gandhi

    Ans:Kenneth Konda

  25. Which countries freedom struggle led by Kenneth Kounda


  26. Who is known as the national father of Bengladesh

    Ans:Shake Mujibur Rahman

  27. Who is known as ‘Benga Bandhu’

    Ans:Shake Mujibur Rahmandemocracy

  28. In which year Bengladesh got independence from Pakisthan

    Ans:1971 March 26

  29. Name the organization plays the key role in freedom of Bengladesh

    Ans:Avami Legue

  30. Name the Bengladesh organization led the armed fight against Pakisthan

    Ans:Mukthi Vahini

  31. Name the first country formed in 21st century

    Ans:East Timur

  32. From which country east Timore got independence


  33. In which country the ‘rose revolution’ occurred


  34. Who led the freedom struggle of Indonesia

    Ans:Ahammed Sukarno

  35. In which year the Islamic revolution occurred under the leadership of Aayatholla Khomenia


  36. In which year the only one Jews country Israel is formed

    Ans:1948 May 14

  37. In which country the tu-lips revolution occurred in February 2005


  38. Who led the liberation movement of Myanamar from Britain


  39. Name the freedom fighter of Myanmar who got nobel prize for peace in 1991

    Ans:Angsan Soochi

  40. Name the Democratic agitation organization led by Ang-San –Suchi in Myanmar

    Ans:National Legue for Democracy

  41. Name the only Asean country which got independence from America


  42. Name the Asean country observed July 4 as independence day as America


  43. In which year Srilanka got independence from Britain

    Ans:1948 February 4

  44. The only one south east Asean country never the colony of European country


  45. In which year United Arab Emiarates formed


  46. The smallest republic in the world


  47. Which region liberated in 1994 from the direct control of United Nations


  48. Name the South African freedom fighter, who was called as ‘Madiba’

    Ans:Nelson Mandela

  49. Name the country who is having the power of permanent observer of United nations


  50. Who is known as the George Washington in South America

    Ans:Simon Boleevar







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40 PSC Questions-2016 related with Revolutions in  the world

In all the times the revolution may be the treasury of number of psc question appearing for psc examinations.Without world History there is no psc examinations.Some questions from world history are repeatedly asking for psc examinations.The following may be such types of questions.All these are the collection of  psc question bank

  1. In which country the bloodless or revolutions tookplace in 1688
  2. In which country the ‘long parliament’existed for 20 years from 1640
  3. Name the incidents took place as the starting of French Revolution on June 20 1789
    Ans:Tennis court pledge
  4. Name the incidents took place as the starting of French Revolution on July 14 1789
    Ans:Demolition of Bastle Kota jail by People
  5. Name the emperor of France during the French Revolution
    Ans:Loui 16th
  6. Name the French Emperor who declared, ‘I am the State’
    Ans:Loui 14th
  7. From which countries parliament the idea of left front and right front originated
  8. Name the notorious wife of Loui 16th
    Ans:Maria Antonet
  9. In which year the famous human right declaration passed in French Assembly
  10. What are the main three ideas donated by French Revolution to the world
    Ans:Freedom,Equality ,Fraternity
  11. Name the instrument used to kill the anti-revolutionist during French Revolution
  12. Who was the prophet of French Revolution
  13. “Human beings are free in born,but they are chained in all around”whose words are these
  14. Name the philosopher who revealed the fault of Emperor rule French through his works “the essence of laws”
  15. Whose work is the “The Social Contract”
  16. The famous French Philosopher whose pen-name is ‘Voltaire’
    Ans:Francois Mary Arout
  17. What are the three estates in France
    Ans:Purohitar,Prabhukanmar,Samanya Janam
  18. Which is known as ‘Fourth Estate’
    Ans:The Press
  19. The child of French Revolution
    Ans:Nepolean Bono Part
  20. Which countries independent struggle is related to the incident named the ‘Boston Tea Party in 1773’
    Ans:American Freedom Struggle


    Revolutions and Its Importance in PSC Exam Results

    In PSC Examination Hall the confusion of answers  surely you feel.Overcome it to attain highest rank.Withou conquering confusion in questions and answers nobody can achieve success.Get the psc examination marks from confusion very thrilling and enjoyable one then deserve in that post.Ok study clearly in each confused questions

  21. In which year American Independence declared
    Ans:July 4 1774
  22. Who is the main architect of American Independence
    Ans:Thomas Jefferson
  23. How many colonies of America fought freedom from Britain
  24. “No taxation without Representation” is the slogan of which independent struggle
    Ans:American Freedom Struggle
  25. Name the request submitted by American colony army to British Queen in 1775
    Ans:Olive Shaka Nivedanam
  26. Who is the leader of American colony army
    Ans:George Washington
  27. The first written constitution in the world
    Ans:American Constitution
  28. Who is known as the father of American constitution
    Ans:James Madison
  29. Who donated the statue liberty to America in connection with their Independent struggle
  30. Who was the first people in America
  31. The first President of America who is known as their national father
    Ans:George Washington
  32. In which country the industrial revolution took place
  33. In which country the agricultural revolution took place
  34. In which year Russian revolution took place
  35. As per Gregorian calendar in which month the October revolution took place
  36. Which countries known as the ‘Beeman of Asia’
  37. Name the spiritual leader of Chinese revolution
    Ans:Son Yath Sen
  38. In which year Chinese revolution took place
  39. In which year the Communist revolution took place in China
  40. Who was the leader of Communist Revolution in China