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Important Human Diseases and their causes-sure questions for PSC Examinations

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Some Important Human Diseases

Any of the following details should appear for any PSC Examinations and that may play the key role for determining the rank of any PSC Examinations.So that much important should be given to them

I Caused by Bacteria
Sl.No. Disease Causative Organism Mode of transmission
1 Diphtheria Corynebacterium  diphtheriae Direct contact ,air ,food
2 Pneumonia Diplococcus pneumoniae Through air
3 Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Through air ,Direct contact
4 Bubonic Plague Yersinla pestic Rat fleas
5 Tetanus Clostredium tetani Through wound
6 Typhoid Salmonella typhi Flies,food,ficeces,water
7 Cholera Vibrio cholerae Flies,food,ficeces,water
8 Bacterial dysentery Shigella dysenteriae ,food,ficeces,water
9 Whooping cough Hemophilus pertussis Food,coughing,sneezing
10 Gonorrhoea Neisseria gonorrhoea Sexual intercourse
11 Syphilis Treponema Sexual intercourse
12 Leprosy Mycobacterium leprae Longterm close contact
13 Botulism Clostridium botulinum Infected food
II Caused by Virus
14 Small pox Variola virus Direct contact
15 Chicken pox Varicella virus Direct contact
16 Common cold Rhino virus  contact
17 Influenza Orthomixo virus  Contact,through air
18 Measles Paramyxo virus Direct contact,air
19 Mumps Mumps virus Direct contact,saliva
20 Encephalitis Encephalitis virus Mosquito bite
21 Polio Poliomyelitis virus Contact,flies,food,water
22 Rabies Rhabdo virus Infected dog bite
23 Dengue Fever Dengue virus Acdes mosquito bite
24 Herpes simplex Herpes virus simplex Contact ,faeces,saliva
25 Herpes zoster Herpes virus zoster Contact,air
26 AIDS Human immune virus Via blood and sperm
III Caused by Fungi
27 Ring worm Microsporum,Trichophyton Direct contact,pets
28 Athlet’s  foot Trichophyton Bad foot hygiene
29 Dhobie’s itch Several Fungi Direct contact

 

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