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Rivers and River-shore Cities -Description-PSC Examinations

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Indai

RIVERS AND RIVER-SHORE CITIES DETAILS

   River-shore cities are inevtable parts of any psc examinations.Go through the below given details two or three times, and then study so seriously it.If you look at the psc question papers,you clearly seen it .Or evaluate the psc question papers in all the years that can be understood.Study it and get and capture how  marks from river-shore.River-shore is the treasury of psc examination marks and also shore is place of making rank-holders of psc.

Details of Rivers and Rivers-shore Cities in India

     Rivers have vital role in the life of human beings.They develop and prosper under the shadow of rivers.There are number of prospered river-shore cities in the world.People are very much interested to live near side of river as it is better for cultivation ,irrigation of their agricultural products.Moreover the river side places will not affect much drought.So the river is the symbol of prosperity of people.Differant types of cultures are formed from river valley.River-shore cities of India make a major contribution in the agricultural sector of India.The following are the main river-shore cities in India and that  can be seen in Rivers in Indian map.Those who are study the rivers in India it is very helpful the rivers in Indian map.

  • Agra-Yamuna
  • Ahamadabad-Sabarmathi
  • Ayodya-Sarayu
  • Badarinath-Alakananda
  • Kolkatha-Hoogly
  • Kattack-Mahanadi
  • Delhi-Yamuna
  • Firospure-Satlej
  • Guwahathi-Brahmaputra
  • Haridwar-Ganga
  • Hyderabad-Moosi
  • Jabalpur-Narmada
  • Kanpur-Ganga
  • Kotta-Chambal
  • Lucknow-Gomati
  • Ludiyana-Satlej
  • Nasik-Godavari
  • Pantna-Ganga
  • Sambalpur-Mahanadi
  • Sreenagar-Tchalam
  • Thiruchirapally-Kaveri
  • Varanasi-Ganga
  • Viyavada-Krishna

Ganga

 

 

      Rivers in  india is having a big role in the agricultural and economic sector of the country.Some rivers have cultural importance .In Rivers in Indian map some rivers are holy for the people.For Example Ganges .All the major rivers of Indian map,  origin their journeys at one of the water shed.The Himalaya and Karakoran Mountain Range  Northern India,The Sahyadri of the western ghat (Western India  or the Vidhya and Satpura Mountain range Central India Most of the major river of India end up joining the Bay of Bengal or the Arabian Sea.Among the details given below longest and shortest rivers in Indian map can be seen.Just below is given particularly about our holy rivers in Indian map.

1)Ganga

2)Brahmaputra

3)Indus

Ganga is the sacred river of India and it is known in the world as the basis of Hindhu beliefs.16 important rivers is having in both Ganga and Indus basin 10 Rivers in Ganga and 6 rivers in Indus basin .In the following,list of rivers of in the river map of India is included.Those who want to know about the detailed pictures or list of Indian river ,following details are very helpful.It is also given the rivers in Indian map along with their origin and also their length and their end points.In it longest and shortest river is also included for the  reference.

The Important River system of Ganga including Damodar and Hoogly and their details are given below(10 River basin)

Rivers

Length (KM)

Origin

End

Ganga 2,525 Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal
Yamuna 1,376 Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
Brahmaputra 1,800 Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
Chambal 960 Tributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh Joins Yamuna river in UP
Son 784 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
Gandak 630 Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam) Joins Ganga near Patna
Kosi 720 Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
Betwa 590 Tributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
Gomti 900 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
Ghaghra 1080 Himalayan Glacier in tibet, tributary of Ganga Joins Ganga in Bihar
Hugli (Hooghly) 260 Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
Damodar 592 Tributary of Hugli near Chandwar, Jharkhand Merges with Hugli in West Bengal

Hoogly and Damodar are very important river system in India but they are not given as much importance as Ganga.They are helpful in shaping the culture of people also

The Indus River system include 6 important rivers and their details are given

Rivers

Length (KM)

Origin

End

Indus 3180 Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K Merges into Arabina sea near Sindh
Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merges with Indus
Jhelum 725 Tributary of Chenub river, Punjab Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
Ravi 720 Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh Joins Chenab in Pakistan
Sutlej 1500 Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
Beas 470 Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India

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Western Ghat Rivers: 

Rivers

Length (KM)

Origin

End

Kaveri 765 Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka Ends in Bay of Bengal
Krishna 1400 Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
Godavari 1465 Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states Empties in Bay of Bengal
Tungabhadra 531 Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

 

Vindhya and Satpura Rivers:

Rivers

Length (KM)

Origin

End

Tapti 724 Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh Empties into Gulf of Khambat, Gujarat
Mahi 580 Rises in Madhya Pradesh Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
Narmada 1315 Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay

 

 

Other important points to be remembered about Rivers in India map.

River Hindu Saraswati is mythical riverand is part of Hindu Triveni Sangamam mythology of confluence of Ganga,Yamuna and Saraswati  Saraswati River thought to be flowing under the earth and meeting Ganga and Yamuna at the  Kumb Mela spot.

Meghna a major river in Bengladesh is tributary of Indian  Brahmaputra River and also empties in Bay of Bengal

River Tapi is river in Thailand and not to be confused with Indian river Tapti

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Details of Rivers of Certain States included in the rivers map of India

Kerala-river

Details of Rivers in the rivers map of Keralam

There are 44 rivers in the rivers map of Keralam  ,all but three originating in the ghats. 41 of them flow westward and 3 eastward. The rivers of Kerala are small, in terms of length, breadth and water discharge. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. All the rivers are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them shrink into rivulets or dry up completely during summer.

West flowing rivers in the rivers map of Keralam

This is a list of the westward-flowing rivers of Kerala state in southern India, in the order of length, and their tributaries. These rivers all originate in the Western Ghats range and flow westward into the Kerala Back water  or into the Arabian. Length in kilometers is in parentheses.Study all these you can answer most of the river related questions of Kerala appearing for PSC Examinations.In the following details west flowing rivers in the river map of Keralam along their length and their branches are given.It was very notable points in rivers of Kerala.Helpful to give a precise knowledge about the rivers of Kerala

  1. Periyar(244)Periyar
    1. Edamalayar
    2. Cheruthoni River
    3. Mullayar River
    4. Muthirapuzha River
    5. Perinjankutti River
  2. Bharatapuxha River(209)
    1. Thuthapuzha
    2. Gayatripuzha
    3. Kalpathipuzha
    4. Kannadipuzha
  3. Pamba River(176)
    1. Azhuthayar
    2. Kakkiyar
    3. Kakkattar
    4. Kallar
    5. Perunthenaruvi
    6. Madatharuvi
    7. Thanungattilthodu
    8. Kozhithodu
    9. Varattar
    10. Kuttemperoor
  4. Chaliyar River(169)
    1. Cherupuzha (Mavoor)
    2. Iruvanjippuzha
    3. Cherupuzha (Areekode)
    4. Kuthirappuzha
    5. Kuruvanpuzha
    6. Kanjirappuzha
    7. Karimpuzha
    8. Pandippuzha
    9. Neerppuzha
  5. Chalakudy River(169)
    1. Parambikulam River
  6. Kadalundy River(130)
  7. Achankoil River(128)
  8. Kallada River(121)
  9. Muvattupuzha River(121)
  10. Valapattanam River(110)
  11. Chandragiri River(105)
  12. Manimala River(90)
  13. Vamanapuram River(88)
  14. Kuppam River(88)
  15. Meenachil River(78)
  16. Kuttiyadi River(74)
  17. Karamana River(68)
  18. Shiriya River(68)
  19. Kariangode River(64)
  20. Ithikkara River(56)
  21. Neyyar River(56)
  22. Mahé River(54)
  23. Kechery River(51)
  24. Perumba River(51)
  25. Uppala River(50)
  26. Karuvannur River(48)
  27. Anjarakandy River(48)
  28. Tirur River(48)
  29. Neeleshwaram River(46)
  30. Pallikkal River(42)
  31. Kallayi River(40)
  32. Korapuzha River(40)
  33. Mogral River(34)
  34. Kavvai puzha River(31)
  35. Thanikkudam River(29)
  36. Mamam River(27)
  37. Thalassery River(28)
  38. Chithari River(25)
  39. Ramapuram River(19)
  40. Ayiroor River(17)
  41. Manjeswaram River(16)

East flowing rivers

There are three rivers rise in Kerala and flow eastwards, Kabini into Karnataka and the other two into Tamilnadu.In PSC Examination points of view these rivers in Kerala is very important.It has its own place and importance  in the rivers map of Kerala

Kabani (57)

  1. Bhavani(38)
  2. Pambar(25)

 

Important Rivers of certain States included in the Rivers map of India

 

Karna2

Details of Rivers of Karnataka

The rivers in Karnataka are a source of water for drinking and household purposes. They are integral to agriculture, a source of hydro power and used for transportation in certain areas. In some instances, they are also vital for the tourism industry in the state. Many rivers, both east-flowing and west-flowing, are found within the boundaries of Karnataka.

Most of the rivers originate in the Western Ghats and runs towards the eastern side of the state. These are some of the

The rivers in the Western Ghats that generally flow westward meet the Arabian Sea after a short run varying from 50 kilometres to 300 kilometres.  These rivers are very steep in the upper reaches and fairly steep in the middle reaches. Near the sea, they have relatively flat gradients and a mild flood plain.

 

East-flowing Rivers In Karnataka

      The Kaveri (or the Cauvery) is the largest river in the state and originates from the district of Coorg. It is often called the Dakshina Ganga (the Ganges of the South) and considered one of the sacred rivers of India. Talakaveri, the origin of the River Kaveri, is a famous pilgrimage and tourist spot set amidst Bramahagiri Hills nearMadikeri in Coorg. The tributaries of the Kaveri include:

The Ghataprabha begins in the Western Ghats and flows eastwards and joins the river Krishna. The river forms the well-known Gokak Falls in Belgaum District.

The Malaprabha rises in Western Ghats in Belgam district. The river flows first in easterly and then in north-easterly directions and joins the Krishna at Kudalasangama.

The Bhima originates in the forest of Bhimashankar in Pune, and flows through the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It joins the Krishna near Kudlu in Raichur taluk.

The Manjra, a tributary of the river Godavari, originates in the Bala Ghat range in Karnataka.

The North Pennar or the Uttara Pinakini and the South Pennar originate in Nandi hills of Kolar district.

The Palar begins in Talagavara in Kolar district and runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu.

West-flowing Rivers in Karnataka

  • The Sharavathi originates at Ambuthirtha in Thirthahalli Taluk, flows north-west through the Western Ghats. It forms the famous Jog Falls before joining the Arabian Sea at Honavara.
  • The Mandavi originates in the Western Ghats in Belgaum and flows through Karnataka and Goa.
  • The Kalinadi originates in Bidi village in the Western Ghats.
  • The Gangavalli starts in the Western Ghats south of Dharwad.
  • The Aghanashini begins in the Western Ghats near Sirsi.

The other west-flowing rivers, which run through Karnataka, are the Chakra Nadi, the Varahi, the Netravathy, and the Barapole.

List of Rivers in Orissa in the Rivers map of India

Orrissa2

Orissa is a magnificent place that offers several options to the foreign visitors. Lakes, waterfall and rivers has it all. Among others, the Lakes and Rivers in Orissa are popular sites of tourist interest. There are so many rivers inside Odisha. These are given below.

  • Baitarani River
  • Bhargavi River
  • Bhede River
  • Brahmani River
  • Budhabalanga River
  • Chitroptala river
  • Daya River
  • Devi River
  • Dhamra River
  • Kadua River
  • Kathajodi River
  • Kharkai River
  • Koina River
  • Kosala River
  • Kushabhadra River
  • Mahanadi River
  • Malaguni River
  • Nagavali River
  • Kolab River
  • Rushikulya
  • Tel River
  • Subarnarekha River
  • Vamsadhara River

List of Rivers of Punjab

UP2

The word Punjab is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. It is named so because of the five rivers flowing through this land and these five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. The third river Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundary of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan. The other two rivers Chenab and Jhelum flows in the Punjab state in Pakistan. All these five rivers are tributaries of Indus river. All these five rivers finally merge into Indus river directly or indirectly and the Indus then terminates into Arabian Sea near Karachi city in Pakistan. These rivers, including the Indus river are considered part of Indus Valley River System.

Greeks referred to this region as Pentapotamia, an inland delta of five converging rivers. This name was given to the region as five rivers of Punjab converge together to form the Indus river.
In the Indian mythological texts Puranas and Mahabharata, this region is named as Pancha-Nada which also means land of five rivers.
Do you know that before the arrival of Aryans in India, Punjab used to be known with the name Sapat Sindhu. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers. These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati (mythological river) and Sindhu.

List of Five Rivers of Punjab

A list of five rivers of Punjab with details like place of origin, its path, tributaries of each river, merging with the other rivers or ocean and other important details are given below:

  1. Sutlej
  2. Beas
  3. Ravi
  4. Chenab
  5. Jhelum

The following table shows a summary of all the five rivers of Punjab:

River Name Length (In KM) Place of Origin Terminates In
Sutlej 1500 Rakshastal lake in Tibet Chenab river
Beas 470 Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district
Ravi 720 Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh Chenab river
Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merge with Sutlej and forms Panjnad river, which flows into Indus river
Jhelum 725 Verinag spring in Kashmir Chenab river

 

Sutlej

Sutlej (or Satluj) is the eastern most tributary of Indus river. Its sanskrit name is Shatadru. The source of origin is Rakshastal Lake in Tibet. Some geologists consider the source as Mansrover lake. The two lakes Manasrover and Rakshastal are very huge lakes in Tibet region and close to each other. The water of Mansrover lake overflows into Rakshastal lake. The river enters India in Himachal Pradesh and then enters Ropar district of Punjab. The river Beas merges with it at Harike in Tarn Taran district. It unites with Chenab river near Uch Sharif in Pakistan, forming the Panjnad river. The Panjnad river merges with the Indus river at a distance of 100 Km from Bahawalpur city in Pakistan. The total length of Sutlej is around 1500 Km. This is the longest river of Punjab.
Bhakra Dam is one of the biggest dams in India and its reservoir Gobind Sagar Lake is the second largest reservoir in India in terms of water storage capacity. Nangal Dam, Karcham Wangtoo Dam, Nathpa Jhakri Dam are the other main dams on this river.

Beas

Beas is named Arjikiya in vedas and ancient name in sanskrit is Vipasa. Beas river originates from Beas Kund (also called Vyas Kund) in Himalaya mountains in Himachal Pradesh. It enters Punjab in Hoshiarpur district. The total length of the river is approximately 470 Km and terminates by merging with Sutlej river at Harike in Tarn Taran district of Punjab. Pong dam and Pandoh dam are the two main dams built on this river. Pong Dam, also called as Maharana Partap Sagar, is located in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. Pandoh dam is located in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh and it diverts the waters of Beas river to Sutlej river.

Ravi

Vedic name of Ravi is Purushini and its name is Iravati in sanskrit. Ravi river rises in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh and enters into Punjab in Pathankot district. The river flows along the international border of India and Pakistan separating the Gurdaspur and Amritsar districts of Punjab from Pakistan. It flows for a total length of around 720 Km and finally terminates by merging with Chenab river near Ahmadpur Sial town in Pakistan. Major dams on this river are Ranjit Sagar dam (or Thein Dam), Shahpur Kandi dam, Chamera dam, Karcham dam and Kaushalya dam.

Chenab

This river is known with the name Askani in Vedas and its sanskrit name is Chandrabahga. Chenab river starts in upper Himalayas in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It then flows through the Jammu region in Jammu and Kashmir state and enters into Punjab state in Pakistan. The river does not flow through the today’s state of Punjab in India. The total length of this river is around 960 Km. The river Jhelum join it at Trimmu and then Ravi joins it near Ahmedpur Sial. It then merges with Sutlej to form the Panjnad river. The Panjnad river then merge with the Indus river which terminates by flowing into the Arabian Sea.

Jhelum

The vedic and sanskrit name of Jhelum is Vitasta. Jhelum river originates through Verinag Spring located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The place is located in Verinag, around 80 Km distance from Srinagar. It is the western most of the five rivers of Punjab and is a tributary of Chenab river. The river flows through Jammu and Kashmir state in India and then enters Punjab state in Pakistan. It does not flow through state of Punjab in India, neither touches its boundry at any place. The total length of the river is around 725 Km and it terminates into Chenab river near Trimmuin   Jhang district.

Doab Regions In Punjab The area between two rivers is called Doab. This word is made of two persian words “Do” meaning two and “Ab” meaning water or river. So according to the rivers flowing in this region, the area is divided into various Doab which are named according to the name of rivers that form a particular doab. The name of these Doab regions are given below:

  • Bist Doab – The area between Beas and Sutlej rivers is called Bist Doab. The region is also called as Jullundhar Doab, after the name of major city of Jullundhar or Jalandhar in this region. This is also called as “Doaba” and “Doabi” dialect of Punjabi language is the main spoken language of this area. Punjab state is divided into three regions Majha,Malwa,and Doaba  according to the language and culture.
  • Bari Doab – The area enclosed between Beas and Ravi rivers is called Bari doab. This is part of the Majha region of Punjab. Majhi dialect of Punjabi language is the main spoken language of this area.
  • Rechna Doab – This is the area between Ravi and Chenab rivers. This area is in Punjab province in Pakistan. This is also part of Majha region.
  • Jech Doab – This is the area between Jhelum river and Chenab river and named so as of combination of names of these two rivers. This is also part of Majha region.
  • Sind Sagar Doab – This is the area between Jhelum and Indus (also called Sind) rivers.

River-shore cities&Rivers of the world

World2

The main four river valley civilizations are India,China,Egypt,and Mesopotamia.They are all near the big rivers.That is they are rivershore cities.Name of some river valley civilization originates in the river-shore cities are-

Nile River Valley,Indus river valley,Tigris-Euphrates river valley,The Huang-He River valley etc.

Main River-shore cities in the world

  1. Bagdad-Tigris
  2. Belgrade-Danub
  3. Berlin-Spreen
  4. Hamberg-Elb
  5. Lahore-Ravi
  6. Ghartoom-Nile
  7. Lisbon-Tagus
  8. New York-Hudson
  9. Paris-Seine
  10. London-Thames
  11. Ragoon-Iravati
  12. Rome-Tiber
  13. Vienna-Danub
  14. Warsa-Visthula
  15. Washington-Potomak
  16. Alexandria-Nile
  17. Armsterdam-Armsel
  18. Ankara-Kisil
  19. Bon-Rine
  20. Karachi-Sindhu

10 Most Important Rivers in the World

World

 

 

 

Rivers have been very useful to men in all parts of the world since prehistoric times. They provide a source of drinking water, for obtaining food, to fertilize lands and way to transport goods from place to place. Rivers also provide an important habitat for wildlife. They play an essential  in the ecology of rainforest and wetlands. A list of the most important rivers in the river map of World is given.These rivers in river map of world is very much important in psc Examination point of view.That is get the rank mark for psc  from the river!HoW!!!

1Amazon River

At approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, just slightly shorter than the Nile although reputable sources disagree as to the exact length of the two rivers. What is certain is that the Amazon is the largest river in the world by volume, with a total river flow that accounts for approximately one-fifth of the world’s total. The Amazon and its tributaries flow through Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Brazil before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.

The Amazon has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and new species are still being discovered. Along with the Orinoco River, it is one of the main habitats of the Amazon River Dolphin, the largest species of river dolphin, which can grow to lengths of up to 2.6 meters (8.5 feet). The bull shark has been reported 4,000 km (2,500 mi) up the Amazon River at Iquitos in Peru. Another dangerous fish in the Amazon is the notorious piranha which congregates in large schools, though only a few species are known to attack humans.

2Nile

The Nile is the longest river in the world, stretching north for 6,650 km (4,132 miles) from East Africa to the Mediterranean. The Nile has two major tributaries, the White Nile and Blue Nile. The White Nile rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa while the Blue Nile starts at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

The river provided a crucial role in the development of the Egyptian civilization. Silt deposits from the Nile makes the surrounding land extremely fertile because the river overflows its banks annually and the Egyptians were able to cultivate wheat and other crops. The Nile was also an important part of the ancient Egyptian spiritual life. The god named Hapy was the deification of the annual floods, and both he and the pharaoh were thought to control the flooding of the Nile.

3Yangtze River

One of the most important rivers in the world, the Yangtze River is the longest river in China, and the third-longest in the world. The river is about 6300 km long (3915 miles) and originates in a glacier lying on the eastern part of the Tibetan plateau. It passes through the spectacular Yangtze Gorges, which are noted for their natural beauty, and flows into the East China Sea. One of the dams on the river, the Three Gorges Dam, is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world.

The river is one of the world’s busiest waterways. Traffic includes commercial traffic transporting bulk goods such as coal as well as manufactured goods and passengers. River cruises several days long, especially through the beautiful and scenic Three Gorges area, are also popular.

4Danube

The Danube is one of the most important rivers in Europe and the continent’s second longest river after the Volga. The river was one of the long standing frontiers of the Roman Empire and today forms a part of the borders of 10 European countries. It originates in the Black Forest in Germany and flows eastwards for a distance of some 2850 km (1771 miles), passing through 4 capitals, before emptying into the Black Sea. Since the completion of the German Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in 1992, the river has been part of a trans-European waterway from the black sea all the way to Rotterdam on the North Sea.

World3

5Ganges

The 2,510 km (1,560 miles) Ganges originates in the western Himalayas in India, and drains into the Sunderbans delta in the Bay of Bengal. It has long been considered a holy river by Hindus and worshiped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has also been important historically: many former provincial or imperial capitals have been located on its banks.

Situated on the banks of Ganges, Varanasi is considered by some to be the holiest city in Hinduism. Hindus scatter ashes of loved ones in the river and some believe life is incomplete without taking a bath in the Ganges at least once. Because the Ganges is such an important river it has been declared India’s National River.

6Mekong River

The Mekong river is the 12th longest river in the world with an estimated length of 4,350 km (2,703 miles),. From the Tibetan Plateau this river runs through China’s Yunnan province, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. The river is difficult to navigate due to the extreme seasonal variations in flow and the presence of rapids and waterfalls. The Mekong basin is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world which is only surpassed by the Amazon. Since the building of the first Chinese dam however, many species have become endangered including the Mekong dolphin and manatee.

7Zambezi

The 3,540 km- (2,200 mile-) long Zambezi river is the fourth-longest river in Africa. The river rises in a black wetland in north-western Zambia and flows through Angola, along the borders of Namibia, Botswana, Zambia again, and Zimbabwe, to Mozambique, where it empties into the Indian Ocean. The Zambezi’s most spectacular feature is the beautiful Victoria Falls.

The river supports large populations of many animals. Hippopotamuses are abundant along most of the calm stretches of the river, and many crocodiles are also present. The Zambezi also supports several hundred species of fish including large species. The bull shark for example has been found far inland. It is an aggressive shark which has been responsible for several attacks on humans.

8VolgRiver

The Volga is the longest river in Europe and one of Russia’s most important rivers. Out of the 20 largest cities of Russia, 11, including its capital Moscow, are situated in the Volga’s drainage basin. It originates at an elevation of only 225 meter (740 feet) in the Valday Hills northwest of Moscow and discharges 3,645 km further (2,266 miles) into the Caspian Sea. The Volga is of great importance to inland shipping and transport in Russia even though the river freezes for most of its length for three months each year.

9Mississippi River

Mississipi river is the largest river system in the United States and North America.Its length is about 2320 miles or 3730 Kilometres.The River originates at Lake Itasca and empties below New Orleans in the Gulf of Mexico.This river along with its tributary the Missouri River , drains all the 31 US states. The famous Steamboats entered trade in the 1820s. Cotton, timber and food were transported down the river. After the arrival of the railroads in the 1880s steamboat traffic diminished although they remained a feature until the 1920s. A few steamboats, such as the Delta Queen, have e survived as icons.

10Sepik River

The Sepik River is the longest river on New Guinea.The River originates in the victor Emanuel Range in the central highlands of Papua New Guinea.. For most of the Sepiks length the river winds in serpentile fashion,like the Amazon River,to the Bismark sea.Unlike many other large rivers ,Sepik has no delta whatsoever ,but flows straight in sea.Total length of river is 1126 Kilometres.That is 700 miles.There are no settlement of great size along the Sepic River.The isolation of the rivers small tribal groups has given rise to one of the most original and extensive artistic tradition .It is one of the last remaining undisturbed environments in the world

 

 

 

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