History of Kerala
The state people conference held at Ernakulum (1928) was the earliest resolution on the subject of united Kerala. They payyannur Political conference held in May 1928 under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru also supported the Aikya kerala movement. An Aikya kerala conference was held at Trichur in April 1947 under the president ship of K.Kelappan. The Cochin Maharaja Sri Kerala Varma proposed the idea uniting Cochin and Travancore. On July 1, 1949 the state of Travancore Cochin came in to existence. The Maharaja of Travancore became the Rajapramukh of the new state. The popular ministry of Travancore-cochin was headed by T.K. Narayana pillai, the chief minister of Travancore at the time integration. Panampalli govinda menon was the last chief minister of the Travancore Cochin state. The fall of his ministry was followed by the first spell of presidents rule in Kerala. The state of Kerala formally came into existence or November 1, 1956. The first general election to the Kerala state legislature was in held in February and March 1957. In the first general elections the communist party of India and a few independent supported by it secured 65 of the 126 seats. The president rule came to an end on April 15, 1957 and EMS Namboothiripad came to power. The agitation known as vimochana Samaram or liberation struggle began on June 12, 1959 under the leadership of Mannathu Padmanabhan to overthrow the communist ministry. The ministry collapsed and the president rule under the Article 356,for the first time began on 31st July 1959.