The details regarding the river system in India plays an important role any Kerala Public Service Examinations.That may be the Rank making points to Kerala Public Service Examination.So study each point with utmost care
Details Regarding the River Brahmaputra
|Passing through Countries: China, India, Bangladesh, Tibet
Passing through States: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
Tributaries: Dibang River, Lohit River, Dhansiri River, Kameng River, Manas River,Raidak River, Jaldhaka River, Teesta River
Length 2,900 km
- Brahmaputra is the third major antecedent river of India flowing from Himalayan region towards the northern plains.
- The 2900 Km Brahmaputra is longer than the Ganges. But only one third of the river passes through India.
- The average depth of the river is 124 feet (38 m) and maximum depth is 380 feet (120 m).
- Most rivers on the Indian subcontinent have female names, this river has a rare male name.
- The Brahmaputra river (also called as “Burlung-Buthur” by the Bodo people of Assam), calledYarlung Tsangpo in Tibetan language.
- Brahamputra originates from the manasarovar lake in western Tibet. If flows for a long distance parallel to the Himalayan ranges in an easterly direction through Tibet. Here it is known as the Tsangpo.
- It takes a southward turn and enters India in eastern Arunachal Pradesh under the nameDihang.
- It gets the name Brahmaputra after the influence of the Luhit, the Dihang and Dibang.
- The final stretch of the Brahmaputra lies in Bangladesh. Here it meets the Ganga and the combined stream called Padma and further downstream it is named Meghna.
- The Ganga and the Brahmaputra join in Bangladesh and form the extensive delta ofsunderbans. It derives the name from the Sundari tree that grows widely in this region.
Details Regarding the RiverGanga
Passing through Countries: India, BangladeshPassing through Countries States: Uttarakhand,Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal
Tributaries: Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Yamuna,Tamsa, Son, Punpun, Betwa, Chambal, Tons, Ken, Sindh, Hindon, Sharda
Length 2,525 km
- It is the largest drainage system of India carrying the run off of about 25 percent of the total land area of country.
- The river ganga is longest river 2525 Km in India. Its source is at Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas.
- Ganga the main stream is constituted major head stream, the alakananda and Bhagirathi. These two head stream of the Ganga join at Devaprayg.
- The source of the Alakananda is near the Tibetan border and that of the Bhagirathi nearGangotri.
- The Ganga is joined by the Yamuna near Allahabad.
- Yamuna rise at the Yamunotri glacier. It flows towards the south upto Agra and father down towards the south-east direction till it joins the Ganga at Allahabad. Chambal, Sind , Betwaand the Ken are its important tributaries.
- The Chambal rises near Mhow in the vindhyan range and joins Yamuna river in the southern part of the Etwah District.
- The sind, the Berwa and the ken flows towards the north and form many ravines in the Gangaplain.
- The son originating from Amarkantak Pleteu joins Ganga near Ramnagar.
- The Ram Ganga rising in the Kumaon Himalyas runs for 690 km before joining Ganga nearKanauj.
- The Gandok rising near the Nepal-China border enters Bihar in Cahmparan district and meetsGanga on its left at sonapur.
- Ganga is known by the name Padma in Bangladesh.
- Ganga had been declared as Indias National River in November 2008.
- It has been considered the holiest of all rivers by Hindus.
Details Regarding the RiverIndus
Passing through Countries : Pakistan, India,China
Length: 3,200 km
Tributaries : Zanskar River, Chenab River, Sutlej River, Soan River, Beas River, Ravi River,Shyok River, Gilgit River, Kabul River, Kurram River, Gomal River,Jhelum River
- It is one of the largest river systems in the world. River Indus rises from Kailas range in the Tibetan plateau region.
- The Indus is the western most of the Himalayan Rivers. After flowing through Pakistan, Indus falls into Arabian sea.
- River Indus is an antecedent river as it is considered as older than the Himalayas.
- Sutlej is the most important amongst the tributaries of Indus.
- River Sutlej rises beyond the Himalayas and has cut a gorge through the central Himalayan range. The total length of the Sutlej is about 1050 km in India.
- The Ravi is the smallest river of Punjab and its well known as the River of Lahore. It rises nearRohtang pass in the Kulu hills of Himachal Pradesh. Its total length is 725 km.
- The Chenab is the largest of Indus tributaries. It has a total length of 1,800 km In India.
- The Jhelum, an important tributary of the Indus flowing through the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The Beas rise at Beaskund near the Rohtang pass in Himachal Pradesh.