Home GK Details of Various Musical Instrument-Frequently appearing for PSC Examinations

Details of Various Musical Instrument-Frequently appearing for PSC Examinations

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Music Instruments(10/01/2016-B)

1 Accordian:

A musical instrument with small key board and metal reeds

2.Bagpipes:

Ancient instrument having a flexible bag inflated by being blown through a tube by bellows.Differant types of bagpipes are the Bulgarian gaida,the Cornemuse of France,Belgium and gaita of North Western Spain and the Irish Uilleam pipes

3.Balalaika

It is a three stringed musical instrument.It has a triangular body and long fretted neck

4.Banjo

Musical instrument with a circular body and four or more strings

5.Bouzouki

Greek fretted string instrument with a long neck and four sets of strings

6.Cabaca or Cabasa

Latin American instrument .Round or pear shaped gourd covered with beads and fitted with a handle

7.Celesta

Small key board instrument with metal plates struck by hammers which produce bell like tones

8.Cello

Bass violin,It is held between the players knees

9.Clarinet

Single reed wood wind instrument with a straight tube and a single reed in its mouth piece

10.Cymbals

Two round brass plates struck together to make clanging sounds

11.Flute

It is a simple cylindrical tube of uniform bore.Flutes vary in size held horizontally and is inclined downwards when it is played

12.Ghatam

It is one of the oldest percussion instruments of South India.It is a mud pan with a narrow mouth.

13.Gong

Little bells used as percussion

14.Guitar

It has a large flat-backed sound box in the shape of a violin.A long fretted neck usually six strings.

15.Harmonica:

Mouth organ with metal reeds .Two types of Harmonica are chromatic and the diatonic

16.Harmonium

It is a traditional and popular instrument.It has a key board of over two and one half octaves and works as a system of bellows.Key board is played with the right hand while the left hand is used to operate the bellows

17.Harp

Free standing instrument whose vertical strings are played with the fingers

18.Harpsichord

It is the largest and grandest of 18th century keyboard string instrument .The strings are plucked by jacks made of leather or quill.

19.Hityokin

Japanese vertical flute made of Bamboo.

20.Hornpipe

Wind instrument with a single reed and a cows horn fitted on the end

21.Irish harp

It ia small harp played while held in the lap

22.Jaltarangam

An instrument consisting of a set of 18 porcelain cups of varying sizes

23.Jews harp

Small folk instrument consisting of a metal frame held between the players teeth while the metal strip in the frame is twanged

24.Mandocellow

Brass Mandolin

25.Mandolin

Instrument with 8 wire strings toned in 4 pairs

26.Mouth organ

It is an instrument with metal reed similar to harmonica

27.Mridangam

It is one of the most popular classical instruments.It is a barrel shaped double headed drum.The right head is smaller than the left.

28.Nose Flute

Bamboo flute blown through the nostrils

29.Pakhawaj

It is barrel shaped drum with two heads which are made of layers of skin.The heads are expanded by leather straps which run along the sides of the body over small cylindrical wooden blocks that used for tuning.

30.Pan-Pipes

Made of a series of pipes or reeds played by blowing across the opwen ends

31.Piano

Instrument with a keyboard.Hammers strike wire strings and produce sounds.Full name piano Forte

32.Piano Accordion

Accordion with a piano like keyboard played with the right hand

33.Sarangi

It is one of the most popular and oldest bowed instruments.Its body is hollow and made of teak wood adorned with ivory inlays.It has forty strings of which 37 are sympathetic.It is held in a vertical position and played with a bow

34.Sarod

It has a small wooden body covered with skin and a finger board that is covered with steel.

35.Saxophone

Single reed instrument usually metal sometimes plastic ,invented by 36.Adolphe Sax

36.Sitar

It has a long neck with twenty metal frets and six to seven main chords.Some famous sitar players are Ustad Vilayath Khan,Pt.Ravisankar,Ustad Imrat Khan

37.Shehnai

It is double reed instrument with a tapering bore which progressively increases towards the lower side .It has finger holes to produce semi quarter micro tones.

38.Tabala

It consists of a pair of drums made of wood and its head is made of stretched animals skin.Both drums have a black spot in the centre made of Manganese or Iron dust.

39.Tamburu

Long necked round bodied lute .Indian tamburas have 4 strings ,drones and a movable ivory bridge to adjust pitch

40.Trumbone

Brass instrument larger than a trumpet with a sliding tube to extend notes

41.Trumpet

Brass wind instrument consisting of a long metal tube looped once and ending in a flared bell .It has 3 valves

42.Veena

Stringed instrument with a long fretted finger board resting with a resonating gourds at each end

43.Viola

A four stringed instrument larger than a violin have deeper tone

44.Violin

Four string musical instrument played with a bow

45.Xylophone

It is an instrument consisting of a mounted raw of tuned wooden bars graduated in length to sound dramatic scale.It is played with two mallets

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