Carnatic music ,derived in South India is one of the oldest and complicated music system of the world.It is deeply based on the Ragas(melodic scales)and Talas(rhythmic cycles).There are seven rhythmic cycles and 72 Melakartha Ragas in Carnatic music.The basic feature of Carnatic music is its devotional element.
Purandara Dasa is regarded as the father of Carnatic music
The Triumvirate of Carnatic Music
The saint the musician,great composer and devotee of Lord Sree Ram.Tyagaraja was born in Tiruvarur in Tanjavur districts of Tamilnadu in 1767.
Syama Sastri,the famous composer was born in Tiruvarur,where saint Tyagaraja also hails from.He introduced Swarajathis to the Carnatic music systems.
Muthuswami Dikshitar was also born in Tiruvarur(1767-1835).Most of his compositions numbering to 500 are in Sanskrit.
Swati Tirunal Rama Varma (1813-1847) the King of Travancore was a patron of music and a musician himself.He promoted both the streams of Carnatic and Hindustani classical music.He composed more than 500 compositions in Malayalam.
The North Indian Classical music has its roots in Samaveda.It was influenced by Persian music during the period of Delhi Sulthanate.Amir Khusrau (13 century AD)the courtier of Allauddin Khilji is called as the father of modern Hindustani music.