The following brief explanations about executive and judiciary is frequently appearing for Kerala Public Service Examinations.And also given the description about national anthem ,national flag and national calendar
The Prime Minister is the Head of the Government and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers who forms the Cabinet Ministry.
The Indian Legislature comprises of the Lokh sabha (House of the People)and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States)forming both the house of the Parliament.Parliament as whole comprised the president ,Lokh Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system,followed by other High Courts and subordinate Courts.
The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes which represents the chakra.Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Saranath Lion Capital of Asoka.The design of the National flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947.The Indian national flag was designed in 1916 by Pingali Venkayya from Machilipatnam.
The state emblem is an adaptation from the Saranath Lion Capital of Asoka.In the original,there are four lions,standing back to back,mounted on an abacus with a Frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant,a galloping horse,a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.It was carved out of a single block of polished sandstone.The Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law(Dharma Chakra).
The Government of India adopted the state emblem on 26 January 1950.Only three lions are visible ,the fourth being hidden from view in the adopted emblem.The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left.Outlines of other wheels can be seen on extreme right and left.The bell shaped lotus has been omitted.Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upanishad,meaning Truth Alone Triumphs,are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.
The song Jana-Gana-Mana,composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore,was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds.
National Anthem was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress.The complete song consists of five stanza.
The song Vande Mataram composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterji has been adopted as the national song of India.It has been adopted as the national song of India.It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National congress.We adopted the first stanza only.
The national calendar based on the Saka Era,with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for official purposes.
Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.