Kerala Public Service Examination Details on the preamble of the Constitutions
Lot of questions are asking from the preamble sections for Kerala Public Service Examinations.Study them clearly those are preparing for PSC Examinations
- The Preamble or the preface gives in a nutshell the aim and purpose of the constitution of India. It also embodies the ideals and aspiration.
- The preamble is considered to be the key to open the edifice of the constitution.
- Almost all the constitutions of the world have a preamble.
- Jawaharlal Nehru is the architect of preamble.
- It was adopted by the constituent assembly on January 22nd 1947.
- The preamble serves three purposes- It indicates the source from which the constitution derives its authority. States the objects that the constitution seeks to establish and promote and the date of adoption.
- The importance of the utility of the preamble has been pointed out in several decisions of the Supreme Court.
- In the Kesvanada Bharathi case 1973 the Supreme Court held that preamble is the part of the constitution.
- Justice Madhokar said in Sajjan singh Vs Rajasthan state case that the preamble is the sum and substance of the constitution.
- In the Golknath Vs Punjab state case, Justice Hidaytullah remarked that the preamble is the synopsis of those principle on which the government has to work upon
- As originally enacted the preamble described the state as a “sovereign democratic republic”. In 1976 the Forty-second Amendment changed this to read “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic”
- K M Munshi termed it as the political Horoscope.
- Earnest Barker called it the Key to the constitution
- Thakurdas Bhargava called it as the soul of constitution.
- The preamble is a part of the constitution statute but it is not a part of the constitution. It is its identity card said by N. A Palkhivala.
- The term socialistic pattern of society was adopted as a goal of the Indian state by the congress in 1955 in Avadi session.
- These are the opening words of the preamble to the Indian Constitution
- WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens